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Phylogeny, diversity, and species delimitation in some species of the Xiphinema americanum-group complex Nematoda Longidoridae, as inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphology

, : Phylogeny, diversity, and species delimitation in some species of the Xiphinema americanum-group complex Nematoda Longidoridae, as inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphology. European Journal of Plant Pathology 134(3): 561-597

During nematode surveys in southern Spain and Italy 14 populations of Xiphinema species tentatively identified as Xiphinema americanum-group were detected. Morphological and morphometrical studies identified three new species and six known Xiphinema americanum-group species, viz.: Xiphinema parabrevicolle n. sp., Xiphinema parapachydermum n. sp., Xiphinema paratenuicutis n. sp., Xiphinema duriense, Xiphinema incertum, Xiphinema opisthohysterum, Xiphinema pachtaicum, Xiphinema rivesi, and Xiphinema santos. The Xiphinema americanum-group is the most difficult Xiphinema species group for diagnosis since the morphology is very conservative and morphometric characters often overlap. This group includes vectors of several important plant pathogenic viruses that cause significant damage to a wide range of agricultural crops. Molecular characterisation of these species using D2-D3 expansion regions of 28S rRNA, 18S rRNA, ITS1-rRNA and the protein-coding mitochondrial gene, cytochrome oxidase c subunit 1 was carried out and maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analysis were used to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships among these species and with other Xiphinema americanum-group species.


DOI: 10.1007/s10658-012-0039-9

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