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Determination of neonicotinoid insecticides in environmental samples by micellar electrokinetic chromatography using solid phase treatments

, : Determination of neonicotinoid insecticides in environmental samples by micellar electrokinetic chromatography using solid phase treatments.

A sensitive and reliable method based on MEKC has been developed and validated for trace determination of neonicotinoid insecticides (thiamethoxam, acetamiprid and imidacloprid) and the metabolite 6-chloronicotinic acid (6-CNA) in water and soil matrices. Optimum separation of the neonicotinoid insecticides was obtained on a 58 cm long capillary (75 ?m id) using as the running electrolyte 40 mM SDS, 5 mM borate (pH = 10.4) and 5% (v/v) methanol at a temperature of 25 C, a voltage of 25 kV and with hydrodynamic injection (10 s). The analysis time was less than 7 minutes. Prior to MEKC determination, the samples were purified and enriched by carrying out extraction-preconcentration steps. For aqueous samples, off-line SPE with a sorptive material such as Strata-X (polymeric hydrophobic sorbent) and octadecylsilane (C18) was carried out to clean-up and preconcentrate the insecticides. However, for soil samples, matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) was applied with C18 used as the dispersant. Good linearity, accuracy and precision were obtained and the detection limits were in the range between 0.01 and 0.07 ?g mL?1 for river water and 0.17 and 0.37 ?g g?1 for soil samples. Recovery levels reached >92% for all of the assayed neonicotinoids in river water samples with Strata-X. In soil matrices, the best recoveries (63 99%) were obtained with MSPD.


DOI: 10.1002/elps.201200241

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