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Gastroesophageal reflux disease in lung transplant patients with cystic fibrosis

, : Gastroesophageal reflux disease in lung transplant patients with cystic fibrosis. American Journal of Surgery 204(5): E21-E26

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in lung transplant patients is being increasingly investigated because of its reported association with chronic rejection. However, information concerning the characteristics of GERD in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is scarce. We compared esophageal pH monitoring, manometry, gastric emptying studies, and barium swallow of 10 lung transplant patients with CF with those of 78 lung transplant patients with other end-stage pulmonary diseases. In lung transplant patients with CF, the prevalence of GERD was 90% (vs 54% controls, P = .04), of whom 70% had proximal reflux (vs 29% controls, P = .02). Lung transplant patients with CF have a significantly higher prevalence and proximal extent of GERD than do other lung transplant recipients. These data suggest that CF patients in particular should be routinely screened for GERD after transplantation to identify those who may benefit from antireflux surgery, especially given the risks of GERD-related aspiration and chronic allograft injury.


PMID: 22921151

DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2012.07.019

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