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Optical and litter collection methods for measuring leaf area index in an old-growth temperate forest in northeastern China

, : Optical and litter collection methods for measuring leaf area index in an old-growth temperate forest in northeastern China. Journal of Forest Research 18(5): 430-439

Hemispherical photographs combined with litter collection were applied to determine seasonal dynamics of leaf area index (LAI) between the period of maximum leaf area and the leafless period from an old-growth temperate forest in the Xiaoxing an Mountains, northeastern China. Our objective is to explore the change in the relationship between true LAI and effective LAI (calculated only from hemispherical photography) and to find the best LAI estimation models. Effective LAI in November is corrected for contribution of woody material and clumping at shoot and beyond shoot levels, to give minimum true LAI. The true LAI in each period is estimated as a sum of the minimum true LAI and litter collection LAI in each period. Power function regression calibration models were then carried out between true LAI and effective LAI in each period and the entire litter-fall period. Then, significance tests were applied to detect the differences among different models. The results showed that the average true LAI ranged from 2.74 0.54 on November 1 to 6.64 1.34 on July For the entire season, average effective LAI was 53.16 % lower than the average true LAI. After significance tests, calibration models were classified into two types: (1) maximum LAI period and the period of maximum leaf fall; the period during which leaves began falling and all deciduous leaves had fallen. Based on our experience, we believe that the classified models can produce reliable and accurate LA1 values for the needle and broad-leaved mixed forest stands under the non-destructive condition.


DOI: 10.1007/s10310-012-0370-1

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