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Use of epothilone B (patupilone) in refractory lymphoma and advanced solid tumors in dogs

, : Use of epothilone B (patupilone) in refractory lymphoma and advanced solid tumors in dogs. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 27(1): 120-125

The epothilones are microtubule-stabilizing agents with promising antitumor effect in refractory and metastatic tumors in humans. The toxicity profile is considered more favorable than in taxanes. The safety of epothilone B (patupilone) has not been evaluated in tumor-bearing dogs.To evaluate the inhibition of proliferation in canine tumor cells after patupilone treatment. To assess toxicity profile and maximally tolerated dose of patupilone in dogs with refractory tumors.AnimalsTwenty client-owned dogs with various malignancies. Prospective clinical study. The inhibition of proliferation was assessed with a proliferation assay in vitro in canine hemangiosarcoma and lymphoma cell lines. Dogs received patupilone IV once a week for 2 treatments (= 1 treatment cycle). Dose was escalated with 3 dogs per cohort and 20% increments. Adverse effects were graded accor-ding to the VCOG-CTCAE v1.0. Both canine cell lines were sensitive to patupilone with approximately 50% decrease in proliferative activity at 0.2 1 nM. In vivo, dose-limiting adverse effects occurred at 3.3 mg/m2; main adverse effects were diarrhea, anorexia, vomiting, and nausea. Neither neutropenia nor peripheral neuropathy was observed. Maximally tolerated dose for 2 patupilone administrations once weekly IV is 2.76 mg/m2. Three per 11 dogs receiving more than 1 treatment cycle showed partial remission in the short period of observation. and Clinical ImportanceCanine tumor cells show inhibition of proliferation to patupilone in vitro. Clinically, a dose of 2.76 mg/m2 IV is well tolerated in dogs with spontaneously occurring tumors.


PMID: 23205945

DOI: 10.1111/jvim.12019

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