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Yoga for chronic neck pain: a 12-month follow-up


, : Yoga for chronic neck pain: a 12-month follow-up. Pain Medicine 14(4): 541-548

To assess the effects of a 9-week yoga intervention on chronic nonspecific neck pain 12 months after completion. Twelve-month follow-up of the pooled data of both arms of a randomized, controlled trial. Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine at an academic teaching hospital.SubjectsFifty-one patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain (mean age 47.8 years; 82.4% female).InterventionsA 9-week yoga group intervention.Outcome MeasuresNeck pain intensity (100-mm visual analog scale), functional disability (neck disability index), health-related quality of life (short-form 36 questionnaire, SF-36), generic disability (days with restricted activities), and global improvement. From baseline to 12-month follow-up, pain intensity improved from 48.81? ?17.71 to 32.31? ?20.68 (P?<0.001), neck-related disability decreased from 25.26? ?9.02 to 19.49? ?11.52 (P?=?0.001), and bodily pain in the SF-36 improved from 49.37? ?12.40 to 59.26? ?17.57 (P?=?0.005). Improvements in pain intensity were predicted by weekly minutes of yoga practice during the past 4 weeks (r2?=?0.12, P?=?0.028); improved neck-related disability (r2?=?0.24, P?=?0.001) and bodily pain (r2?=?0.26, P?=?0.006) were predicted by regular yoga practice during the past 12 months. Generic disability did not decrease significantly. Twenty-four patients (68.6%) rated their health as at least somewhat improved. A 9-week yoga intervention improved pain and neck-related disability for at least 12 months after completion. Sustained yoga practice seems to be the most important predictor of long-term effectiveness.

US$19.90

PMID: 23387504

DOI: 10.1111/pme.12053


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