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Atencion del paciente crítico pediatrico en una UCI de adultos Utilidad del índice PIM


, : Atencion del paciente crítico pediatrico en una UCI de adultos Utilidad del índice PIM.

Analizar las caracter sticas de los pacientes menores de 14 a os atendidos en una UCI de adultos (UCIA), determinar los procedimientos y t cnicas que precisan y evaluar el uso del Paediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) para estratificar la gravedad. Estudio observacional retrospectivo. Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos polivalente de un hospital de segundo nivel. Se estudiaron 130 pacientes con edad entre 1 mes y 14 a os (edad media 6,1 4 a os) atendidos en UCIA desde enero de 1997 a diciembre de 2010. cl nico-demogr ficas, diagn stico, procedimientos, puntuaci n PIM, estancia, traslado a UCI pedi trica (UCIP) y mortalidad. Clasificaci n seg n el destino (UCIA, UCIP) y el resultado (VIVO, MUERTO). PIM y valoraci n de la curva de rendimiento diagn stico (ROC) para la mortalidad. Edad media de 6,1 4 a os. Los diagn sticos m s frecuentes fueron: traumatismo (26,9%) y sepsis (22,3%). Los principales procedimientos fueron: ventilaci n mec nica (58,5%), v a venosa central (74,6%) y f rmacos vasoactivos (20%). Traslado a UCIP en un 64,6% y mortalidad global de 13%. Los pacientes que permanecieron en la UCIA eran de mayor edad (8,2 4 vs. 5,5 4 a os, p<0,001), con poca comorbilidad y estancia corta (44,5 38 horas). ndice PIM significativamente m s alto en fallecidos (UCIA 60 20, UCIP 38 30) que en supervivientes (UCIA 4 1, UCIP 9 1) (p<0,001). Curva ROC con excelente capacidad discriminativa con rea bajo la curva=0,91, (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,85-0,98). El ndice PIM permite estratificar la gravedad e identificar los pacientes con mayor riesgo de muerte. La atenci n ocasional del ni o cr tico obliga a que exista una adecuaci n tanto en material como en la formaci n del personal de las UCIA para proporcionar una adecuada asistencia. An analysis is made of the characteristics of patients younger than 14 years treated in an adult ICU (AICU), to determine the procedures and techniques required by such patients, and to evaluate the use of the Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) in stratifying severity. A retrospective observational study was carried out. An AICU of a second level hospital. We studied 130 patients aged from 1 month to 14 years (average age 6.1 4 years) treated in the AICU from January 1997 to December 2010. Clinical-demographic parameters, diagnosis, clinical procedures, PIM score, length of stay, transfer to pediatric ICU (PICU), and mortality. Classification by destination (AICU, PICU) and outcome (alive, dead). PIM and assessment of the diagnostic performance curve (ROC) for mortality. The average age of the patients was 6.1 4 years. Most common diagnoses: trauma (26.9%) and sepsis (22.3%). Main procedures: mechanical ventilation (58.5%), central venous line (74.6%) and vasoactive drugs (20%). A total of 64.6% were transferred to PICU, and the overall mortality was 13%. Patients who stayed in the AICU were older (8.2 4 vs 5.5 4 years, p<0.001), had low morbidity, and their stay was short (44.5 38hours). The PIM score was significantly higher in the patients who died (60 20 AICU, 38 30 PICU) than in those who survived (4 1 AICU, 9 1 PICU) (p<0.001). ROC curve with AUC=0.91 (95%CI: 0.85 to 0.98). The PIM score can stratify severity and identify patients at an increased risk of death. Critical child care in the AICU requires the presence of adequate materials and the continuous learning of procedures adapted to pediatric patients in order to ensure adequate care.

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