geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The Altruism Paradox A Consequence of Mistaken Genetic Modeling


, : The Altruism Paradox A Consequence of Mistaken Genetic Modeling. Biological Theory 8(1): 103-113

The theoretical heuristic of assuming distinct alleles (or genotypes) for alternative phenotypes is the foundation of the paradigm of evolutionary explanation we call the Modern Synthesis. In modeling the evolution of sociality, the heuristic has been to set altruism and selfishness as alternative phenotypes under distinct genotypes, which has been dubbed the phenotypic gambit. The prevalence of the altruistic genotype that is of lower evolutionary fitness relative to the alternative genotype for non-altruistic behavior in populations is the basis of the paradox of altruism. I show in this article that the assumption of contrasting genotypes for altruism and selfishness in our phenotypic gambit is inconsistent with the empirical data when viewed in the light of today s post-Mendelian understanding of gene expression. I demonstrate that however nuanced and sophisticated the models may have become today, they are still rooted in that fundamentally problematic assumption. I then offer a genetic conception of altruism that best fits the field data.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1007/s13752-013-0120-4


Other references

Chen, J.C.; Chesler, M., 1992: Extracellular alkaline shifts in rat hippocampal slice are mediated by NMDA and non-NMDA receptors. 1. The pharmacology of synaptically evoked extracellular alkaline shifts was studied in the CA1 area of rat hippocampal slices. 2. Stimulus-evoked alkalinizations were unaffected by 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (APV) (20 microM). 3. 6-Cyano-7-nitro...

Anonymous, 2014: Issue information. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives 2(1): I-Ii

Mcgowan, K.D.; Canick, J.A.; Correia, L.; Brewster, S.J.; Dailey, J.V.; Pagnotto, M.A., 1995: Pregnancy complications and adverse fetal outcome in patients with double positive serum screening results. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 172(1 PART 2): 390

Weinstein, G.S.; O'Malley, B.W.; Rinaldo, A.; Silver, C.E.; Werner, J.A.; Ferlito, A., 2014: Understanding contraindications for transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 272(7): 1551-1552

Sisenko, V.I.; Burova, L.A.; Kositskaia, L.S., 1967: Comparative characteristic of antitissue cytostatic antibodies and "autoantibodies" appearing in rabbits in the process of immunization by streptolysin. Vestnik Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk SSSR 22(2): 29-31

Zhang Yinhai; H.X.ehong; L.C.angwen, 2000: Experiments on identification of gas in sandstone formations using acoustic parameters. Experimental relations between acoustic parameters of sandstone samples and water saturation are studied under ordinary temperature and pressure in laboratory. The acoustic parameters of the sandstone samples are calculated in terms of Gassmann&ap...

Lai, X.; Schmitz, U.; Gupta, S.K.; Bhattacharya, A.; Kunz, M.; Wolkenhauer, O.; Vera, J., 2012: Computational analysis of target hub gene repression regulated by multiple and cooperative miRNAs. MicroRNA (miRNA) target hubs are genes that can be simultaneously targeted by a comparatively large number of miRNAs, a class of non-coding RNAs that mediate post-transcriptional gene repression. Although the details of target hub regulation remai...

Vogel, K.P.; Reece, P.E.; Nichols, J.T., 1993: Genotype and genotype (times) environment interaction effects on forage yield and quality of intermediate wheatgrass in swards. Crop Science 33: 41

Munz, E.; Reimann, M.; Ackermann, E., 1979: Serologische Untersuchungen zur Epidemiologie von Reovirusinfektionen bei Menschen, Nutz-und Wildtieren in Tanzania. Sera (2238) of bovines, 95 of goats, 251 of antelopes (various species), 143 of zebras and 11 of warthogs collected in Tanzania and 811 human sera of males and females of the city and the region of Dar es Salaam were tested for hemagglutination in...

Sander Wint, S.; Eshelman, D.; Steele, J.; Guzzetta, C.E., 2002: Effects of distraction using virtual reality glasses during lumbar punctures in adolescents with cancer. To determine the effects of virtual reality (VR) glasses on adolescents with cancer undergoing lumbar punctures (LPs). Pilot study using an experimental, control group design. In-hospital oncology clinic. 30 adolescents with cancer (17 in the VR a...