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Probe mobility in native phosphocaseinate suspensions and in a concentrated rennet gel: effects of probe flexibility and size

, : Probe mobility in native phosphocaseinate suspensions and in a concentrated rennet gel: effects of probe flexibility and size. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 61(24): 5870-5879

Pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance and proton nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry were used to study the self-diffusion coefficients and molecular dynamics of linear (PEGs) and spherical probes (dendrimers) in native phosphocaseinate suspensions and in a concentrated rennet gel. It was shown that both the size and the shape of the diffusing molecules and the matrix topography affected the diffusion and relaxation rates. In suspensions, both translational and rotational diffusion decreased with increasing casein concentrations due to increased restriction in the freedom of motion. Rotational diffusion was, however, less hindered than translational diffusion. After coagulation, translational diffusion increased but rotational diffusion decreased. Analysis of the T2 relaxation times obtained for probes of different sizes distinguished the free short-chain relaxation formed from a few monomeric units from (i) the relaxation of protons attached to long polymer chains and (ii) the short-chain relaxation attached to a rigid dendrimer core.


PMID: 23650920

DOI: 10.1021/jf304949c

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