+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Regional Conservation Status of Scleractinian Coral Biodiversity in the Republic of the Marshall Islands

, : Regional Conservation Status of Scleractinian Coral Biodiversity in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Diversity 5(3): 522-540

Preventing the loss of biodiversity is a major challenge in mega-diverse ecosystems such as coral reefs where there is a critical shortage of baseline demographic data. Threatened species assessments play a valuable role in guiding conservation action to manage and mitigate biodiversity loss, but they must be undertaken with precise information at an appropriate spatial scale to provide accurate classifications. Here we explore the regional conservation status of scleractinian corals on isolated Pacific Ocean atolls in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. We compile an integrated regional species list based upon new and historical records, and compare how well the regional threat classifications reflect species level priorities at a global scale. A similar proportion of the 240 species of hard coral recorded in the current survey are classified as Vulnerable at the regional scale as the global scale using the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List criteria (23% and 20% respectively), however there are distinct differences in the composition of species. When local abundance data is taken into account, a far greater proportion of the regional diversity (up to 80%) may face an elevated risk of local extinction. These results suggest coral communities on isolated Pacific coral reefs, which are often predicted to be at low risk, are still vulnerable due to the small and fragmented nature of their populations. This reinforces that to adequately protect biodiversity, ongoing threatened species monitoring and the documentation of species-level changes in abundance and distribution is imperative.


DOI: 10.3390/d5030522

Other references

Bose, S.; Goldman, J.M.; Melo, J.V., 1999: Mutations of the BCL10 gene are not associated with the blast crisis of chronic myeloid leukaemia. Leukemia 13(11): 1894-1896

Strecker, R.L., 1955: Food consumption of house mice at low temperatures. Journal of Mammalogy, 36: 460-462

Klitsch, C., 1955: Sowing dates of overwintering species. Physiological explanations are given for the time limits within which rye, barley and wheat can be sown in Eastern Germany.

Delap, T.G.; Grant, W.E.; Dick, R.; Quiney, R.E., 1996: Retropharyngeal abscess-an unusual complication of anorexia nervosa. An unusual case of an adult female with anorexia nervosa, who developed a retropharyngeal abscess, is presented. This case is reported both because of the paucity of reports on retropharyngeal abscess and because of the dramatic unusual aetiology.

Distant, W.L., 1909: Descriptions of three new species of Cicadidae. Entomologist London, 42 207-209

Ihara, E.S.; Wolf-Branigin, M.; White, P., 2013: Quality of life and life skill baseline measures of urban adolescents with disabilities. Many gaps exist in the understanding of how adolescents with disabilities successfully transition to adulthood and the services contributing to this success. This study attempts to fill one gap by establishing quality of life baseline measures for...

Tendolkar, I.; Schoenfeld, A.; Golz, G.; Fernandez, G.; Kuehl, K.P.ter; Ferszt, R.; Heinze, H.J.chen, 1999: Neural correlates of recognition memory with and without recollection in patients with Alzheimer's disease and healthy controls. To dissociate recognition memory with and without recollection, event-related potentials (ERPs) of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and matched controls were recorded in a test of verbal recognition memory accompanied by a source judgem...

Kersey, J.; Nesbit, M.; Hallgren, H.; Sabad, A.; Yunis, E.; Gajl-Peczalska, K., 1975: Evidence for origin of certain childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemias and lymphomas in thymus-derived lymphocytes. Lymphoblasts from children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or malignant lymphoblastic lymphoma were studied using surface markers characteristic of T and B lymphocytes. A B-cell marker, i.e. surface immunoglobulin, was absent in all cases...

Perez Otano, I.; Contractor, A.; Schulteis, C.T.; Heinemann, S.F., 1998: NMDAR3A-2, a novel splice variant of the NMDA receptor subunit formerly known as chi-1. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 24(1-2): 1087

van den Hurk, J.V., 1986: Quantitation of hemorrhagic enteritis virus antigen and antibody using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were developed to quantitate haemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV) antibodies in turkey serum and HEV antigens in tissue extracts. These assays were more sensitive than the commonly used agar-gel precipitin...