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Spectral properties of rhodamine 6G in smectite dispersions: effect of the monovalent cations

, : Spectral properties of rhodamine 6G in smectite dispersions: effect of the monovalent cations. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 357(2): 322-330

Montmorillonite monoionic forms with alkali metal and NH(4)(+)-cations were prepared by ion exchange. The hydration properties and binding of the ions to montmorillonite surface and the swelling properties of the mineral specimens were analyzed. Whereas Na(+)- and Li(+)-ions were fully hydrated over a large range of conditions, large size K(+), NH(4)(+), and mainly Rb(+) and Cs(+) ions were apt to bind directly to the oxygen atoms on the mineral surface. The forms with large ions exhibited reduced hydration and swelling and the absence of macroscopic swelling of the respective aqueous colloids. The interaction of laser dye rhodamine 6G (R6G) in montmorillonite colloids was investigated by absorption and steady-state fluorescence spectroscopies. Significant effects of the properties of both the inorganic ions and swelling properties of colloidal dispersions on R6G molecular aggregation were observed. Large amounts of the molecular aggregates were formed in the colloids of Na(+)- and Li(+)-montmorillonites. The aggregates absorbed light at significantly lower wavelengths (~460 nm) with respect to the light absorption by monomers (535 nm). Fluorescence spectroscopy provided a key evidence for the assignment of the type of the aggregates: The emission of the aggregates at relatively low energies proved these assemblies are rather a mixed H-/J-type than ideal H-aggregates. The presence of parent inorganic cations of larger size led to a significant lowering of the amount of the R6G aggregates in favor of the monomers. Investigations of the evolution of the dye aggregation with time indicated basic features of dye aggregation reaction: The size of parent inorganic ions did not affect the reaction mechanism, but rather limited the extent of the reaction. Probably the forms with large inorganic ions, such as Rb(+) and Cs(+), did not provide sufficient surface for the formation of the large size assemblies of the dye. This property can be explained in terms of strong association of the large alkali metal ions to clay mineral surface, as well as to reduced swelling in the colloidal systems of respective forms.


PMID: 21397243

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.01.069

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