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Structural relaxation around Cr3+ and the red-green color change in the spinel sensu stricto-magnesiochromite MgAl2 O4 -MgCr2 O4 and gahnite-zincochromite; ZnAl2 O4 -ZnCr2 O4 solid-solution series


, : Structural relaxation around Cr3+ and the red-green color change in the spinel sensu stricto-magnesiochromite MgAl2 O4 -MgCr2 O4 and gahnite-zincochromite; ZnAl2 O4 -ZnCr2 O4 solid-solution series. American Mineralogist 95.4

Optical absorption spectra of flux-grown single crystals in the spinel s.s.-magnesiochromite and gahnite-zincochromite solid solutions were recorded with the aim of exploring variations in local Cr-O bond distance as a function of composition. With increasing Cr contents, the crystals vary in color from pale red to intensely red to dark greenish. These variations are reflected in the optical spectra by the position and intensity of the two spin-allowed electronic d-d transitions in six-coordinated Cr(3+) at approximately 18000 (nu1 ) and 25000 cm(-1) (nu2 ). From the shift of the nu1 band position, a decrease in crystal field splitting, 10Dq, for six-coordinated Cr(3+) with increasing Cr contents is evident in both solid-solution series. Based on published Cr-O bond distances for the CrO6 polyhedra in magnesiochromite and zincochromite of 1.995 and 1.991 Aa, respectively, and applying the ligand field relationships, local Cr-O bond distances in gahnite and spinel with Cr contents at trace levels are determined to be 1.974(2) and 1.960(3) Aa, respectively. These local Cr-O distances result in relaxation parameters (epsilon ) equal to 0.69(2) and 0.60(3) for Cr-O bonds in the Mg(Al(1-x) Cr(x) )2 O4 and Zn(Al(1-x) Cr(x) )2 O4 series, respectively. However, the presently obtained Racah B values indicate increasing Cr-O bond covalency with increasing Cr(3+) contents. This suggests that color changes and accompanying 10Dq variations may be due to variations in Cr-O bond covalency along the two solid-solution series, without or with very minor local Cr-O bond distance variation. Consequently, the epsilon values obtained from the present optical absorption spectra should be regarded as minimum values.

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