+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

What Hispanic parents do to encourage and discourage 3-5 year old children to be active: a qualitative study using nominal group technique

, : What Hispanic parents do to encourage and discourage 3-5 year old children to be active: a qualitative study using nominal group technique. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 10: 93-93

Hispanic preschoolers are less active than their non-Hispanic peers. As part of a feasibility study to assess environmental and parenting influences on preschooler physical activity (PA) (Ninos Activos), the aim of this study was to identify what parents do to encourage or discourage PA among Hispanic 3-5 year old children to inform the development of a new PA parenting practice instrument and future interventions to increase PA among Hispanic youth. Nominal Group Technique (NGT), a structured multi-step group procedure, was used to elicit and prioritize responses from 10 groups of Hispanic parents regarding what parents do to encourage (5 groups) or discourage (5 groups) preschool aged children to be active. Five groups consisted of parents with low education (less than high school) and 5 with high education (high school or greater) distributed between the two NGT questions. Ten NGT groups (n = 74, range 4-11/group) generated 20-46 and 42-69 responses/group for practices that encourage or discourage PA respectively. Eight to 18 responses/group were elected as the most likely to encourage or discourage PA. Parental engagement in child activities, modeling PA, and feeding the child well were identified as parenting practices that encourage child PA. Allowing TV and videogame use, psychological control, physical or emotional abuse, and lack of parental engagement emerged as parenting practices that discourage children from being active. There were few differences in the pattern of responses by education level. Parents identified ways they encourage and discourage 3-5 year-olds from PA, suggesting both are important targets for interventions. These will inform the development of a new PA parenting practice scale to be further evaluated. Further research should explore the role parents play in discouraging child PA, especially in using psychological control or submitting children to abuse, which were new findings in this study.


PMID: 23919301

DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-93

Other references

Tindale, N.B., 1923: Review of Australian Mantidae. Recst. Mus. Adelaide: 425-457

Campbell, KE., 1986: Comment on the proposed grant of precedence to Threskiornithidae Richmond, 1917 (Aves) over Plataleinae Bonaparte, 1838 Z.N.(S.) 2136 (1). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 431: 10-11

Nikolova M., 1969: Central depressive action of amyl and cyclo hexyl esters of carbaminic acid. Farmakologiya i Toksikologiya (Moscow) 32(5): 530-533

Huang, Q-Tao.; Huang, Q.; Luo, W.; Li, F.; Hang, L-Lin.; Yu, Y-Hong.; Zhong, M., 2016: Circulating retinol-binding protein 4 levels in gestational diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a novel adipocyte-derived cytokine playing an important role in the regulation of energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Although the association between RBP4 and metabolic dysfunction is well established, s...

Houget, J., 1933: Chemical changes accompanying muscular activity and hyperthermia. 2. Composition of the muscle, liver and blood of normal dogs. Animals kept for several weeks on identical diets do not show the same reserves in muscle, liver or blood. Water, lipoid, acid soluble phosphorus and total phosphorus show only slight, but other constituents may show large individual variations. T...

Reszka, R.; Walther, W.; Zhu, J.H.; Wever, F., 1994: Liposomal-mediated gene transfer to rat and human glioblastoma cells. Journal of Cancer Research & Clinical Oncology 120(SUPPL ): R138

Herber, Keith., 1993: Visit to St. Andre, Portugal - 1992. Runnymede Ringing Group Report. 1992( ); 1992: 40-49

Fabian, H.; Rogov, V.V.; Schultz, C.; Gast, K.; Naumann, D., 2000: Unfolding and folding of the lambda Cro repressor protein. European Biophysics Journal 29(4-5): 274

Fragaszy, D.M.; Mason, W.A., 1983: Comparisons of feeding behavior in captive squirrel and titi monkeys (Saimiri sciureus and Callicebus moloch). Journal of Comparative Psychology 97: 0-26

Rothstein, H.; Essner, E.; Frank, K.; Weinsieder, A., 1981: The metabolic basis for the lens growth inhibiting effect of hypophysectomy 2. the liver. In the lens of hypophysectomized (H) frogs mitotic and DNA synthetic activity subside entirely, 4-8 wk postsurgery. The livers of H frogs also undergo marked changes. After formaldehyde fixation and H and E [hematoxylip and eosin] staining, sectio...