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Elucidating the role of interleukin-17F in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

, : Elucidating the role of interleukin-17F in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Blood 122(6): 943-950

Inappropriately regulated expression of interleukin (IL)-17A is associated with the development of inflammatory diseases and cancer. However, little is known about the role of other IL-17 family members in carcinogenesis. Here, we show that a set of malignant T-cell lines established from patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) spontaneously secrete IL-17F and that inhibitors of Janus kinases and Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 are able to block that secretion. Other malignant T-cell lines produce IL-17A but not IL-17F. Upon activation, however, some of the malignant T-cell lines are able to coexpress IL-17A and IL-17F, leading to formation of IL-17A/F heterodimers. Clinically, we demonstrate that IL-17F messenger RNA expression is significantly increased in CTCL skin lesions compared with healthy donors and patients with chronic dermatitis. IL-17A expression is also increased and a significant number of patients express high levels of both IL-17A and IL-17F. Concomitantly, we observed that the expression of the IL-17 receptor is significantly increased in CTCL skin lesions compared with control subjects. Importantly, analysis of a historic cohort of 60 CTCL patients indicates that IL-17F expression is associated with progressive disease. These findings implicate IL-17F in the pathogenesis of CTCL and suggest that IL-17 cytokines and their receptors may serve as therapeutic targets.


PMID: 23801634

DOI: 10.1182/blood-2013-01-480889

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