+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Patterns of Richness, Composition, and Distribution of Sphingid Moths Along an Elevational Gradient in the Andes-Amazon Region of Southeastern Peru

, : Patterns of Richness, Composition, and Distribution of Sphingid Moths Along an Elevational Gradient in the Andes-Amazon Region of Southeastern Peru. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 104(1): 68-76

The adult sphingid communities of three sites in southeastern Peru representative of the moist tropical forest of the lowland Amazon, the pluvial tropical forest of the upper Amazon and Andean foothills, and the montane cloud forest of the eastern slopes of the Andes were sampled during 2004-2006 by using mercury vapor light traps. In total, 119 species of Sphingidae were documented. Species diversity was highest in the upper Amazon and Andean foothills, with 94 species (21 genera), followed by 80 species (21 genera) in the Amazonian lowlands, and 43 species (17 genera) in the montane cloud forest. The greatest number of endemics (22) was registered at the upper Amazon-Andean foothills site. The montane cloud forest site was characterized by the highest relative percentage of endemic species. The species assemblages of the lowland Amazon and the Andean foothills were more similar in composition to each other than to the montane assemblage. All three assemblages proved to be more distinctive than expected based on the proximity of the sampled sites and seemingly good flight capabilities of sphingid moths. This was reflected by the endemics accounting for nearly 40% of the total species pool. By contrast, cosmopolitans numbered only 26 species, or 22% of the total assemblage. We hypothesize that the composition and distribution of sphingid species along this elevational gradient may reflect floristic similarities and differences between the study sites and the extent to which different species are adapted to cope with certain environmental conditions, such as temperature and air humidity.


DOI: 10.1603/AN09083

Other references

Golderer, G.; Schneider, R.; Auer, B.; Loidl, P.; Gröbner, P., 1988: ADP-ribosylation in isolated nuclei of Physarum polycephalum. ADP-ribosylation of histones and non-histone nuclear proteins was studied in isolated nuclei during the naturally synchronous cell cycle of Physarum polycephalum. Aside from ADP-ribosyltransferase (ADPRT) itself, histones and high mobility group-l...

Molzahn, A.; MacDonald, M.; Banister, E.; Sheilds, L.; Starzomski, R.; Brown, M.; Gamroth, L.; Paskulin, L.Girardi.; Silveira, D.Tolfo., 2010: Challenges and opportunities in graduate nursing education by distributed learning in Canada and Brazil. In this paper, the authors share their experience related to graduate nursing programs offered by distributed learning (DL) in Canada and Brazil. Although degrees offered by DL are often the subject of criticism, the authors' experience has b...

Moore, D.K.; Riley, P.L.; Hulbert, J.C., 2001: Metastatic renal osteosarcoma. Journal of Endourology 15(Supplement 1): A104, November

Toschi, A., 1949: Note ecologiche su alcuni mammiferi di Olorgasailie (Masai Reserve, Kenya C). Ric Zool Appl Caccia Bologna (Suppl): 23: 25-63

Weitzel, W.D.; Morgan, D.W.; Robinson, J.A.; Guyden, T.E., 1974: Do psychiatrists have a common language?. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine 5(3): 223-230

Aulakh, M.S.; Pasricha, N.S.; Azad, A.S., 1990: Phosphorus-sulphur interrelationships for soybeans on P and S deficient soil. The P-S interrelationship was investigated in a 3-year field experiment in the Indian Punjab on soyabean (Glycine max), on a soil deficient in both P and S. The treatments were in a factorial combination of four levels each of P (0, 17.5, 35.0, an...

Zigmond, M.J.; Spear, L.P., 1992: Neuroscience training in the USA and Canada: observations and suggestions. Neuroscience training programs in the USA and Canada are awarding about 1000 PhDs each year. This number exceeds the faculty vacancies in these programs by a ratio of three to one. Nonetheless, virtually all graduates are finding employment, usual...

Yanagi, H.; Yoshima, T.; Ogawa, I.; Okamoto, M., 1989: Recombinant human erythropoietin produced by Namalwa cells. To establish a practical exogenous gene expression system in human cells, a cDNA coding for human erythropoietin (EPO) was expressed in human B-lymphoblastoid Namalwa cells. The Namalwa-derived recombinant EPO was purified from the culture fluid b...

Mardelli T.J.; Morganroth J.; Naito M.; Chen C.C., 1980: Cross sectional echo cardiographic detection of aortic valve prolapse. To determine the potential for cross-sectional echocardiography to define aortic valve prolapse, 14 controls with a mean age of 51 .+-. 10 yr (SD) with normal cardiac catheterization were studied by cross-sectional echocardiographic left ventricul...

Novembre, D.; Sabatino, B. di; Gimeno, D., 2005: Synthesis of Na-A zeolite from 10 A halloysite and a new crystallization kinetic model for the transformation of Na-A into HS zeolite. The present work deals with the synthesis of Na-A zeolite using 10 Aa halloysite (collected near Grosseto, Italy) as the starting material, instead of the more expensive chemicals currently used in industry (Na aluminates and Na silicates). The pr...