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Geography & Life Sciences: Chapter 37471

Chapter 37471 provides bibliographic information on scholary research in geography and in the life sciences.

Species composition and geographic distribution of invertebrates in fouling communities along the east coast of the USA a regional perspective. Marine Ecology Progress Series 458: 255-268

Species composition and length-weight relationship of fishes in the Candaba wetland on Luzon Island, Philippines. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26(6): 946-948

Species composition and morphology of protostrongylids (Nematoda: Protostrongylidae) in ruminants from Bulgaria. Parasitology Research 109(4): 1015-1020

Species composition and number of birds of prey on morthern northern of Ukraine in the winter periods 2000-2003 years. Vestnik Zoologii 40.5 (Sentyabr-Oktyabr): 473-476

Species composition and seasonal dynamics of the helminthofauna of the bullroat bull rout Myoxocephalus scorpius, Cottidae from Kola Bay of the Barents Sea. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 91(2): 131-137

Species composition and spatial distribution of abundances and biomass of phytoplankton and ciliates during summer stratification in the Gulf of Hammamet Tunisia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 91(7): 1429-1442

Species composition and vertical distribution of chitons Mollusca Polyplacophora in a rocky intertidal zone of the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 88(4): 807-816

Species composition of benthic molluscs in the reservoirs of Low Tiete River Sao Paulo, Brazil with an evaluation of the impact of exotic invader species. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 24.1 (marco): 41-51

Species composition of the family Arrhopalitidae Collembola, Symphypleona. Vestnik Zoologii 43.4 (Iyul-Avgust): 365-367

Species composition, abundance and biomass of copepoda in plankton of the northern levantine basin eastern mediterranean. Crustaceana (Leiden) 85(8): 909-935

Species composition, comparative size and abundance of the genus Littoraria Gastropoda Littorinidae from different mangrove strata along the East African coast. Hydrobiologia 614: 339-351

Species composition, habitat, and water quality influence coral bleaching in southern Florida. Marine Ecology Progress Series: 65-78

Species composition, morphology, and distribution of centrohelid Heliozoa from central Chernozemic area and the south Urals. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 88(6): 643-653

Species composition, temporal and spatial distributions and diversity of Hoplocarida and Decapoda shrimps in summer and winter in Sanmen Bay. Chinese Journal of Zoology 46.3 (June 20): 11-18

Species delimitation and digit number in a North African skink. Ecology and Evolution 2(12): 2962-2973

Species delimitation and phylogenetic relationships of Chinese Leishmania isolates reexamined using kinetoplast cytochrome oxidase II gene sequences. Parasitology Research 109(1): 163-173

Species delimitation in lemurs: multiple genetic loci reveal low levels of species diversity in the genus Cheirogaleus. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 9: 30-30

Species delimitation in sharpnose sharks genus Rhizoprionodon in the western Atlantic Ocean using mitochondrial DNA. Conservation Genetics 12(1): 193-200

Species delimitation in the Drosophila aldrichi subcluster Diptera Drosophilidae using DNA sequences. Zootaxa 1725 (12 March): 37-47

Species delimitation of common reef corals in the genus Pocillopora using nucleotide sequence phylogenies, population genetics and symbiosis ecology. Molecular Ecology 20(2): 311-325

Species delimitation with ABC and other coalescent-based methods: a test of accuracy with simulations and an empirical example with lizards of the Liolaemus darwinii complex (Squamata: Liolaemidae). Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 66(9): 2834-2849

Species delineation using Bayesian model-based assignment tests: a case study using Chinese toad-headed agamas (genus Phrynocephalus). Bmc Evolutionary Biology 10: 197-197

Species detection using environmental DNA from water samples. Biology Letters 4(4): 423-425

Species differences in early patterning of the avian brain. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 65(3): 907-911

Species differences in the winner effect disappear in response to post-victory testosterone manipulations. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 278(1724): 3497-3503

Species discovery in marine planktonic invertebrates through global molecular screening. Molecular Ecology 19(5): 952-967

Species discrimination and phylogenetic inference of 17 Chinese Leishmania isolates based on internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) sequences. Parasitology Research 107(5): 1049-1065

Species dispersal rates alter diversity and ecosystem stability in pond metacommunities. Ecology 91(9): 2727-2741

Species distinction and evolutionary differences in the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa and Diards clouded leopard Neofelis diardi. Journal of Mammalogy 89.6 (December 16): 1435-1446

Species distribution modelling - effect of design and sample size of pseudo-absence observations. Ecological Modelling 222.11 (Jun 10): 1800-1809

Species distribution modelling of marine benthos a North Sea case study. Marine Ecology Progress Series 442: 71-86

Species distribution models and wind farm developments. Biological Conservation 157: 433

Species divergence and seasonal succession in rates of mate desertion in closely related Neotropical cichlid fishes. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65(4): 607-612

Species diversity and community structure of pelagic copepods in the marine lakes of Palau. Hydrobiologia 666. 1. (May)

Species diversity and decomposition in laboratory aquatic systems the role of species interactions. Freshwater Biology 55(11): 2281-2295

Species diversity and distribution in presence-absence matrices: mathematical relationships and biological implications. American Naturalist 172(4): 519-532

Species diversity and distribution of phytoplankton in Nanji Islands National Nature Reserve. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 34(3): 618-628

Species diversity and distributions of microdrile earthworms Annelida, Clitellata, Enchytraeidae from South America. Zootaxa 2065 (6 April): 51-68

Species diversity and protective suggestion of fish in Guangdong Nanling Nature Reserve. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 26.3 (Aug 28): 597-599

Species diversity in the genus emydocephalus krefft, 1869 serpentes, elapidae, hydrophiinae insight from morphology and anatomy. Herpetological Review 41(3): 285-290

Species diversity of Hyalinobatrachium glassfrogs Amphibia Centrolenidae from the Guiana Shield, with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 3132 (15 Dec): 1-55

Species diversity of Strigamia Gray, 1843 Chilopoda Linotaeniidae a preliminary synthesis. Zootaxa 3593 (Dec 20): 1-39

Species diversity of a coastal fish assemblage in two marine protected area areas of the Tuscany Archipelago Capraia and Giannutri Island. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, Suppl. (Parte Prima) 11. 2

Species diversity of amphibians and reptiles in Cangzhou, Hebei. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 27.5 (September 30): 864-866

Species diversity of ants Hymenoptera Formicidae in Louisiana. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(6): 1056-1066

Species diversity of aquatic sarcomastigophoran Protista, Sacromastigophora in scenic spots and historic sites of Maiji Mountain. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 33(3): 468-477

Species diversity of benthic assemblages along different degrees of Lithophaga lithophaga L fishery. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 13. 2

Species diversity of birds and mammals in Wuliangshan Nature Reserve, Shaanxi Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 27.4 (July 30): 680-686

Species diversity of bumblebees in the Maijishan Scenic Area of Gansu Province. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology 49(4): 1025-1032

Species diversity of darkling beetles in desert landscape and their value as bioindicators. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology 49(1): 229-235

Species diversity of dermal microfilariae of the genus Cercopithifilaria infesting dogs in the Mediterranean region. Parasitology 140(1): 99-108

Species diversity of dolichopodid flies Diptera, Dolichopodidae in meadow landscapes of the central Elbe at Pevestorf Lower Saxony. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 14.1-6 (Maerz): 115-120

Species diversity of ixodid ticks feeding on humans in Amasya, Turkey: seasonal abundance and presence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus. Journal of Medical Entomology 48(1): 85-93

Species diversity of myrmecofauna and araneofauna associated with agroecosystem and forest fragments and their interaction with carabidae and staphylinidae coleoptera. Florida Entomologist 94(3): 500-509

Species diversity reduces parasite infection through cross-generational effects on host abundance. Ecology 93(1): 56-64

Species diversity within a community of the curcurbit fruit flies Bactrocera cucurbitae, Dacus ciliatus, and Dacus demmerezi roosting in corn borders near cucurbit production areas of Reunion Island. Journal of Insect Science 12: 32-32

Species diversity, functional complexity and rarity in Arctic fjordic versus open shelf benthic systems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 463: 73-87

Species diversity, seasonal dynamics, and vertical distribution of litter-dwelling thrips in an urban forest remnant of South China. Journal of Insect Science 12: 67-67

Species diversity, spatial distribution, and assemblages of zooplankton within the Strait of Magellan in austral summer. Polar Biology 34(9): 1319-1333

Species extrapolation for the 21st century. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30(1): 52-63

Species groups and the evolutionary diversification of tuco-tucos, genus Ctenomys Rodentia Ctenomyidae. Journal of Mammalogy 92.3 (Jun 9): 671-682

Species groups of Oriental Ptecticus Loew including descriptions of ten new species with a revised identification key to the Oriental species Diptera Stratiomyidae. Zootaxa 2034 (13 March): 1-30

Species hybrids in the laboratory but not in nature: a reanalysis of premating isolation between Drosophila arizonae and D. mojavensis. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 64(2): 587-598

Species identification and genetic structure of threatened seahorses in Gran Canaria Island Spain using mitochondrial and microsatellite markers. Conservation Genetics 11(6): 2431-2436

Species identification based on the faecal DNA samples of the Japanese serow Capricornis crispus. Conservation Genetics Resources, Suppl. (Supplement 1) 2: 409-414

Species identification in seamount fish aggregations using moored underwater video. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(4): 648-659

Species identification in the taxonomically neglected, highly diverse, neotropical parasitoid wasp genus Notiospathius (Braconidae: Doryctinae) based on an integrative molecular and morphological approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62(1): 485-495

Species identification of Noctuidae moths Insecta Lepidoptera from Baihuashan, Beijing, China with DNA barcoding. Acta Entomologica Sinica 55.9 (September 20): 1082-1092

Species identification of Tanzanian antelopes using DNA barcoding. Molecular Ecology Resources 11(3): 442-449

Species identification of aphids (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) through DNA barcodes. Molecular Ecology Resources 8(6): 1189-1201

Species identification of steppe marmot Marmota bobak and gray marmot Marmota baibacina according to craniological features. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 90(12): 1509-1521

Species identification using a small nuclear gene fragment application to sympatric wild carnivores from South-western Europe. Conservation Genetics 11(3): 1023-1032

Species in the genus Bonomiella Conci, 1942 Phthiraptera Menoponidae from Argentina and Chile. Zootaxa 3427 (17 Aug): 47-56

Species interactions and thermal constraints on ant community structure. Oikos 119(3): 551-559

Species interactions-area relationships: biological invasions and network structure in relation to island area. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 277(1689): 1807-1815

Species invasion history influences community evolution in a tri-trophic food web model. PLoS ONE 4(8): e6731

Species invasions and the limits to restoration: learning from the New Zealand experience. Science 325(5940): 569-571

Species limits and hybridization zones in Icterus cayanensis-chrysocephalus group Aves Icteridae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 95(3): 583-597

Species limits and integrated taxonomy of the Idaho ground squirrel Urocitellus brunneus genetic and ecological differentiation. Journal of Mammalogy 93(2): 589-604

Species limits and phylogeography of North American cricket frogs (Acris: Hylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(1): 112-125

Species limits and population differentiation in New Zealand snipes Scolopacidae Coenocorypha. Conservation Genetics: 1363-1374

Species limits in antbirds Aves Passeriformes Thamnophilidae an evaluation of plumbeous antvireo Dysithamnus plumbeus based on vocalizations. Zootaxa 1726 (12 March): 60-68

Species limits in antbirds thamnophilidae the scale-backed antbird willisornis poecilinotus complex. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123(1): 1-14

Species limits in the Andean toad genus Osornophryne (Bufonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65(3): 805-822

Species list of the genus Stilobezzia Diptera Ceratopogonidae from China and description of a new species. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 30(1): 45-47

Species loss, delayed numerical responses, and functional compensation in an antbird guild. Ecology 92(5): 1126-1136

Species occurrence of cetaceans in Guinea, including humpback whales with southern hemisphere seasonality. Marine Biodiversity Records 3

Species of Ammothereva Lyneborg, 1984 Diptera Therevidae Therevinae Cyclotelini from China. Zootaxa 3566 (Nov 29): 1-13

Species of Amphinemura Plecoptera Nemouridae from Tibet, China. Zootaxa 1688 (23 January): 54-60

Species of Anastrepha Schiner Diptera Tephritidae, its hosts and parasitoids in the States of Acre and Rondonia, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 10(3): 441-446

Species of Baetidae Ephemeroptera from Southern Bahia State, Brazil, with Description of a New Species of Paracloeodes Day. Neotropical Entomology 39(5): 725-731

Species of Chlorops Meigen from Palaearctic China Diptera, Chloropidae. Zootaxa 2987 (5 Aug): 18-30

Species of Chrysotimus Loew from Nepal Diptera Empidoidea, Dolichopodidae. Zootaxa 1917 (29 October): 29-37

Species of coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) in shrews from Alaska, U.S.A., and northeastern Siberia, Russia, with description of two new species. Journal of Parasitology 94(4): 883-888

Species of Epichlorops Becker from China Diptera, Chloropidae. Zootaxa 2017 (20 February): 41-46

Species of Euglossa Glossura and E Glossuropoda Hymenoptera Apidae Euglossina occurring in the Amazon, including new records for Brazil. Zootaxa 2885 (20 May): 1-13

Species of Euglossa Latreille, 1802 Hymenoptera Apidae Euglossina belonging to the purpurea species group occurring in eastern Brazil, with description of Euglossa monnei sp n. Zootaxa 3151 (05 Jan): 33-52

Species of Euphthiracarus Acari Oribatida Euphthiracaridae from China. Zootaxa 2752 (31 Jan): 45-61

Species of Genus Tintinnopsis Stein, 1867 in Turkish Coastal Waters and New Record of Tintinnopsis corniger Hada, 1964. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 44(2): 383-388

Species of Harpacticoida Crustacea, Copepoda from the phytal of Porto de Galinhas coral reefs, northeastern Brazil. Check List 8(5): 936-939

Species of Hemipenthes Loew, 1869 from Palaearctic China Diptera Bombyliidae. Zootaxa 1870 (5 September): 1-23

Species of Hesperandra Tavandra Santos-Silva, with abundant pilosity on metasternum Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Parandrinae. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 20.3 (Setembro): 389-395

Species of Histeridae Coleoptera at the entomological collection of the Centro de Estudios en Zoologia, Universidad de Guadalajara Mexico. Boletin de la SEA 33 (Octubre): 125-129

Species of Mesocyclops Cyclopoida Cyclopidae Mesocyclops in China. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 27.1 (Jan 30): 55-62

Species of Neoperla Plecoptera Perlidae from Hubei, China. Zootaxa, Suppl. (Special Issue) 3478 (11 Sept): 32-37

Species of Philorus Kellogg from China with description of a new species Diptera Blephariceridae. Zootaxa 3311 (14 May): 61-67

Species of Thrips Thysanoptera in Avocado Orchards in Nayarit, Mexico. Florida Entomologist 94(4): 982-986

Species of Turbellaria, Dalyelliidae Rhabdocoela, new for the Russian and Ural fauna. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 90(5): 524-531

Species of community interest in SCI-ITA 070005 Bosco di Santo Pietro Sicily. Alula (Roma) 16. 1-2

Species of fruit flies Diptera Tephritidae in a transect of the Amazonian Rainforest in Oiapoque, Amapa, Brazil. Zoologia 28(5): 653-657

Species of ichneumonidae hymenoptera parasitizing orgyia ericae with description of a new species. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 37(3): 606-610

Species of neorhodesiella from china diptera, chloropidae. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 36(4): 901-903

Species of the Protohermes sabahensis group Megaloptera Corydalidae from eastern Malaysia. Zootaxa 1782 (3 June): 49-60

Species of the family Veronicellidae Mollusca, Soleolifera in Cuba. Revista de Biologia Tropical, Suppl. (Supl 3) 51 (Junio): 453-461

Species of the flower bugs genus anthocoris fallen, 1814 from mashhad region, north-east of iran heteroptera anthocoridae. Munis Entomology & Zoology 5(2): 658-660

Species of the genus Cestrotus Loew from China Diptera Lauxaniidae. Zootaxa

Species of the genus Chrysotimus Loew from China (Diptera, Dolichopodidae). Zookeys: 1-12

Species of the genus Diaptomus Crustacea, Diaptomidae in the Siberian fauna. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 87(8): 912-922

Species of the genus Ensiferella Andersson from China, with a key to world species Diptera, Chloropidae. Zootaxa 3207 (27 Feb): 54-62

Species of the genus Eurydema Hemiptera Heteroptera Pentatomidae in Far East Asia an integrated approach using morphological, molecular, and data crossing analyses for taxonomy. Zootaxa 2917 (14 Jun): 48-58

Species of the genus Heteralonia Bezzi, 1921 from China Diptera Bombyliidae. Zootaxa 2166 (23 Jul): 45-56

Species of the genus Hyadina from China Diptera Ephydridae. Zootaxa 2152 (8 Jul): 55-62

Species of the genus Lamachus Forster Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae parasitizing diprionid sawflies Hymenoptera, Diprionidae with descriptions of two new species and a key to Chinese species. ZooKeys 249: 37-49

Species of the genus Mallinella Strand, 1906 Araneae Zodariidae from Hainan Island, China. Zootaxa 2986 (4 Aug): 55-62

Species of the genus Munida Leach Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae collected between Torres Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and Maldonado Uruguay, by the Project Rio Grande do Sul PRS I-II,; GEDIP. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 18.4 (Dezembro): 1177-1196

Species of the genus Munida Leach Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae with distribution in the Brazilian coast. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 18.4 (Dezembro): 1135-1176

Species of the genus Neoperla Plecoptera Perlidae from Henan, China. Zootaxa 2735 (10 Jan): 57-63

Species of the genus Rhipidia Meigen from Taiwan Diptera, Limoniidae. Zootaxa 3247 (26 Mar): 32-42

Species of the genus Scirtothrips from Africa Thysanoptera, Thripidae. Zootaxa 2786 (9 Mar): 51-61

Species of the genus Sphaeronemoura Plecoptera Nemouridae from continental China. Zootaxa 2004 (5 February): 59-64

Species of the genus Thressa Walker, 1860 from China (Diptera, Chloropidae). Zookeys: 29-48

Species of the genus Thrips Thysanoptera from Peninsular Malaysia, with a checklist of recorded Thripidae. Zootaxa 2023 (27 February): 55-68

Species of the genus Thrips Thysanoptera, Thripidae from the Afro-tropical region. Zootaxa 2423 (12 Apr): 1-24

Species of the genus Xenylla Tullberg, 1869 Collembola Hypogastruridae from the Republic of Moldova. Zootaxa 1959 (8 December): 65-68

Species of the genus compsobata czerny from china diptera, micropezidae. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 37(4): 824-828

Species of the genus phobetes forster hymenoptera, ichneumonidae, ctenopelmatinae from china with a key to species known in china. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 37(1): 160-164

Species of the genus rainieria rondani from china diptera, micropezidae. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 37(2): 393-396

Species of the shore-fly genus Glenanthe Haliday Diptera Ephydridae from New Mexico. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 111(2): 454-463

Species of the subgenus Acutipula Alexander from Henan, east-central China Diptera, Tipulidae. Zootaxa 2648 (18 Oct): 32-44

Species of the subgenus Baudia of the genus Badister Coleoptera, Carabidae from the southern Sikhote-Alin Mountains. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 87(11): 1313-1318

Species of the subgenus Minuspio Polychaeta Spionidae Prionospio from the southern coast of Turkey Levantine Sea, eastern Mediterranean, with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 3043 (28 Sep): 35-53

Species of the subgenus Neohomoneura van der Wulp from Hainan in China Diptera, Lauxaniidae. Zootaxa 1793 (13 June): 28-46

Species of the subgenus Pseudocryphiphorus of the genus Otiorhynchus Coleoptera, Curculinidae Curculionidae in fauna of the Crimea. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 82.1 (Yanvar): 35-43

Species of thrips on potted ficus and the degree of damage to different host plants by the dominant species Gynaikothrips uzeli Thysanoptera Thripidae. Acta Entomologica Sinica 55.7 (July 20): 832-840

Species on the menu of a generalist predator, the eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis): using a molecular approach to detect arthropod prey. Molecular Ecology 18(11): 2532-2542

Species persistence a re-look at the freshwater fish fauna of Chennai, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(12): 1334-1337

Species profiles for Colias Fabricius Colias data sheets Lepidoptera Pieridae Forty-sixth sheet. Lambillionea, Suppl. (Tome 1) 101.2 (Juin): 251-259

Species range expansion by beneficial mutations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24(3): 665-675

Species rank of phibalura flavirostris boliviana based on plumage, soft part color, vocalizations, and seasonal movements. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123(3): 454-458

Species recognition and patterns of population variation in the reproductive structures of a damselfly genus. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 65(2): 419-428

Species recognition in a vocal mimic repetition pattern not the only cue used by northern mockingbirds in discriminating songs of conspecifics and brown thrashers. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(4): 717-724

Species recognition in the genus Scolothrips Thysanoptera, Thripidae, predators of leaf-feeding mites. Zootaxa 2797 (22 Mar): 45-53

Species recognition through wing interference patterns (WIPs) in Achrysocharoides Girault (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) including two new species. Zookeys: 9-30

Species relationships in the Neotropical genus Phareicranaus Roewer 1913 Opiliones Cranaidae two new species and new data from Penial morphology. Zootaxa 3135 (19 Dec): 1-34

Species richness and abundance of forest birds in relation to radiation at Chernobyl. Biology Letters 3(5): 483-486

Species richness and abundance of native leaf miners are affected by the presence of the invasive horse-chestnut leaf miner. Biological Invasions 12(5): 1011-1021

Species richness and distribution of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the Chapada Diamantina region, Bahia, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology 38(3): 332-339

Species richness and diversity of waterbirds of a natural lake In southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22.4 (dezembro): 928-935

Species richness and occupancy estimation in communities subject to temporary emigration. Ecology 90(5): 1279-1290

Species richness and spatial and temporal distributions of the anuran Amphibia, Anura community in a locality of Tijucas do Sul, Parana, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22.4 (dezembro): 940-948

Species richness and temperature influence mussel biomass: a partitioning approach applied to natural communities. Ecology 90(3): 781-790

Species richness facilitates ecosystem resilience in aquatic food webs. Freshwater Biology 55(10): 2123-2137

Species richness matters for the quality of ecosystem services: a test using seed dispersal by frugivorous birds. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 279(1740): 3106-3113

Species richness of grasshoppers Orthoptera Acrididae on natural grasslands in relation with topography in the upper reaches of Heihe River, western China analysed with generalised additive; models GMs. Acta Entomologica Sinica 54.11 (November 20): 1312-1318

Species richness, abundance and seasonality of Sphingidae Lepidoptera in a fragment of Atlantic Rainforest of Pernambuco, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22.3 (setembro): 662-666

Species richness, taxonomic diversity, and taxonomic distinctness of the deep-water demersal fish community on the Northeast Atlantic continental slope ICES Subdivision VIa. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68. 2. (January)

Species sensitivity distribution approach to primary risk analysis of the metal pyrithione photodegradation product, 2,2'-dipyridyldisulfide in the Inland Sea and induction of notochord undulation in fish embryos. Aquatic Toxicology 118-119: 152-163

Species sheet for Colias Fabricius Colias data sheets Lepidoptera, Pieridae - forty-seventh sheet. Lambillionea, Suppl. (Tome 2) 101.3 (Septembre): 482-487

Species shift drives decomposition rates following invasion by hemlock woolly adelgid. Oikos 119(8): 1291-1298

Species specificity in the magnitude and duration of the acute stress response in Mediterranean marine fish in culture. General and Comparative Endocrinology 173(2): 313-322

Species specificity of grey warbler begging solicitation and alarm calls revealed by nestling responses to playbacks. Animal Behaviour 79(2): 401-409

Species splitting puts conservation at risk. Nature (London) 494.7435 (Feb 7): 35

Species status of Centrolene lema Duellman and Senaris, 2003 Amphibia Centrolenidae revealed by integrative taxonomy. Zootaxa 1980 (16 January): 16-28

Species status of two colour morphs of Eupelmus vesicularis Hymenoptera Eupelmidae as revealed by allozyme electrophoresis, morphometric and host preference data. Journal of Natural History 44.17-18: 1113-1129

Species structure and catches numbers of anadromous and freshwater fishes of lower Dnieper Estuarian system dynamics in XX century and comparison with lower Danube. Vestnik Zoologii 43.3 (Mai-Iyun): 231-244

Species surrogacy for conservation planning caveats from comparing the response of three arboreal rodents to habitat loss and fragmentation. Biodiversity and Conservation 18(5): 1131-1145

Species synchrony and its drivers: neutral and nonneutral community dynamics in fluctuating environments. American Naturalist 172(2): E48-E66

Species towards new, well-grounded practices. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 97(1): 217-222

Species traits influence the genetic consequences of river fragmentation on two co-occurring redhorse Moxostoma species. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65(9): 1892-1904

Species' traits predict phenological responses to climate change in butterflies. Ecology 92(5): 1005-1012

Species tree estimation and the historical biogeography of heroine cichlids. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58(1): 124-131

Species tree estimation for a deep phylogenetic divergence in the New World monkeys (Primates: Platyrrhini). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65(2): 621-630

Species tree inference in a recent radiation of orioles (Genus Icterus): multiple markers and methods reveal cytonuclear discordance in the northern oriole group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61(2): 460-469

Species trees for the tree swallows (Genus Tachycineta): an alternative phylogenetic hypothesis to the mitochondrial gene tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65(1): 317-322

Species turnover and diel flight activity of species of dung beetles, Onthophagus, in the tropical lowland forest of peninsular Thailand. Journal of Insect Science 12: 77-77

Species validities analyses of Chinese Coilia fishes based on mtDNA COI barcoding. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 35(4): 819-826

Species, control status and outbreak causes of main pest insects in mangrove ecosystems in China. Acta Entomologica Sinica 55.9 (September 20): 1109-1118

Species, functional groups, and habitat preferences of birds in five agroforestry classes in tabasco, mexico. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 124(3): 558-571

Species, sex, size and male maturity composition of previously unreported elasmobranch landings in Kuwait, Qatar and Abu Dhabi Emirate. Journal of Fish Biology 80(5): 1619-1642

Species- and size-specific variability of mercury concentrations in four commercially important finfish and their prey from the northwest Atlantic. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62(4): 734-740

Species-area relationships are controlled by species traits. Plos One 7(5): E37359-E37359

Species-diagnostic polymerase chain reaction assays for Phlebotomus argentipes and Phlebotomus papatasi, vectors of Leishmania. Journal of Medical Entomology 47(5): 743-747

Species-specific effects of epigeic earthworms on microbial community structure during first stages of decomposition of organic matter. Plos One 7(2): E31895-E31895

Species-specific effects of herbivory on the oviposition behavior of the moth Manduca sexta. Journal of Chemical Ecology 39(1): 76-89

Species-and sex-specific adjustments of movement behavior to landscape heterogeneity in butterflies. Behavioral Ecology 22(5): 967-975

Species-area relationship and environmental predictors of fish communities in coastal freshwater wetlands of southern Brazil. Environmental Biology of Fishes 88(1): 25-35

Species-energy relationships in deep-sea molluscs. Biology Letters 7(5): 718-722

Species-energy theory, pulsed resources, and regulation of avian richness during a mountain pine beetle outbreak. Ecology 90(4): 1095-1105

Species-group concepts and biogeography of the genus Crotonia Acari Oribatida Crotoniidae, with new species from South and Central America. Zootaxa 2081 (24 Apr): 1-30

Species-level diversification of African dwarf crocodiles (Genus Osteolaemus): a geographic and phylogenetic perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50(3): 496-506

Species-rich ecosystems are vulnerable to cascading extinctions in an increasingly variable world. Ecology and Evolution 2(4): 858-874

Species-specific PCR discrimination of species of the calanoid copepod Pseudocalanus, P acuspes and P elongatus, in the Baltic and North Seas. Hydrobiologia 652(1): 289-297

Species-specific and transgenerational responses to increasing salinity in sympatric freshwater gastropods. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31(11): 2517-2524

Species-specific differences in X chromosome inactivation in mammals. Reproduction 146(4): R131-R139

Species-specific differences in long-chain n-3 essential fatty acid, sterol, and steroidal ketone production in six heterotrophic protist species. Aquatic Biology 6(1): 159-172

Species-specific diversity of a fixed motor pattern: the electric organ discharge of Gymnotus. Plos One 3(5): E2038-E2038

Species-specific effects of gastropods on leaf litter processing in pond mesocosms. Hydrobiologia: 93-100

Species-specific effects of marine reserves mortality and growth differ within and among heavily exploited and rarely exploited limpets. Marine Ecology Progress Series 445: 53-63

Species-specific interactions between algal endosymbionts and coral hosts define their bleaching response to heat and light stress. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 275(1648): 2273-2282

Species-specific patterns in fecal glucocorticoid and androgen levels in zoo-living orangutans (Pongo spp.). General and Comparative Endocrinology 172(3): 446-457

Species-specific primers for the molecular identification of cryptic Bombus species in New Zealand. Conservation Genetics 11(3): 1207-1209

Species-specific seed dispersal in an obligate ant-plant mutualism. Plos One 4(2): E4335-E4335

Species-specific traits predict genetic structure but not genetic diversity of three fragmented Afrotropical forest butterfly species. Conservation Genetics 14(2): 511-528

Species-specificity in communication calls of tree shrews Tupaia Scandentia. Journal of Mammalogy 89.6 (December 16): 1456-1463

Specific Alterations in Complement Protein Activity of Little Brown Myotis Myotis lucifugus Hibernating in White-Nose Syndrome Affected Sites. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27430, 1-11

Specific antibodies induce apoptosis in Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes. Parasitology Research 106(6): 1327-1337

Specific antibody responses against Neospora caninum recombinant rNcGRA7, rNcSAG4, rNcBSR4 and rNcSRS9 proteins are correlated with virulence in mice. Parasitology 140(5): 569-579

Specific appetite for carotenoids in a colorful bird. Plos One 5(5): E10716-E10716

Specific attribution of juveniles belonging to the genus Patella set on adults of Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791 by means of DNA barcoding. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 16. 1

Specific bottom-up effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi across a plant-herbivore-parasitoid system. Oecologia 160(2): 267-277

Specific compound and biotopical coordinates of small mammals from entomophagous and rodents group in territory of Ulyanovsk oblast. Izvestiya Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossiskaya Akademii Nauk, Suppl. (No 27) 11(1): 184-187

Specific detection of Echinococcus spp. from the Tibetan fox (Vulpes ferrilata) and the red fox (V. vulpes) using copro-DNA PCR analysis. Parasitology Research 111(4): 1531-1539

Specific dynamic action of Salvelinus fontinalus. Chinese Journal of Zoology 44.3 (Jun 20): 16-22

Specific dynamic action, apparent assimilation efficiency, and digestive rate in an arboreal pitviper, Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri. Canadian Journal of Zoology 86(10): 1139-1151

Specific features of biology of the black-billed capercaillie Tetrao parvirostris from the Olekminskii Reserve. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 88(2): 209-220

Specific features of distribution of soldier flies Diptera, Stratiomyidae in East Europe. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 88(2): 200-208

Specific features of functioning cellulolytic symbionts in forestomach and cecum caecum of common voles Microtus arvalis and M rossiaemeridionalis. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 83(11): 1299-1304

Specific features of postembryonic growth in the multepede millipede Rossiulus kessleri Julidae. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 80.8 (Avgust): 937-945

Specific features of settling the bison Bison bonasus montanus in the northwestern Caucasus. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 87(12): 1518-1523

Specific features of social behavior of wisent Bison bonasus bulls. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 87(8): 1012-1018

Specific features of territorial relations and seasonal migrations of the redwing Turdus iliacus based on data of individual marking in Karelia. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 89(4): 475-483

Specific features of the mammoth calf Mammuthus primigenius from the Khroma River Yakutia. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 91(9): 1124-1140

Specific features of the wild boar Sus scrofa population structure in piedmont Daghestan. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 89(3): 371-377

Specific features of using the space by indigenous Bison bonasus caucasicus and restored Bison bonasus montanus bisons in the northwestern Caucasus in winter periods. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 87(6): 760-768

Specific limits and emerging diversity patterns in East African populations of laminate-toothed rats, genus Otomys Muridae Murinae Otomyini Revision of the Otomys typus complex. Zootaxa 3024 (13 Sep): 1-66

Specific morphological features of some balkan species of the genus ancylus pulmonata, gastropoda. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 89(9): 1037-1051

Specific separation of Polypedates braueri (Vogt, 1911) from P. megacephalus (Hallowell, 1861) (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae). Zootaxa 2744: 53–61

Specific status of populations in the Mascarene Islands referred to Mormopterus acetabulosus Chiroptera Molossidae, with description of a new species. Journal of Mammalogy 89(5): 1316-1327

Specific structure of large mammals communities in Samarskaya Luka in connection with the problem of climate fluctuation. Izvestiya Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossiskaya Akademii Nauk, Suppl. (No 27) 11(1): 28-41

Specific targeting of host individuals by a kleptoparasitic bird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63(8): 1119-1126

Specific versus non-specific immune responses in an invertebrate species evidenced by a comparative de novo sequencing study. Plos One 7(3): E32512-E32512

Specific, non-nutritional association between an ascomycete fungus and Allomerus plant-ants. Biology Letters 7(3): 475-479

Specificity of the neutralizers as the cause of errors in evaluating disinfectant efficacy: an assessment of triclosan. Letters in Applied Microbiology 57(6): 517-525

Specificity Responses of Grasshoppers in Temperate Grasslands to Diel Asymmetric Warming. PLoS ONE 7(7): e41764, 1-8

Specificity and redundancy in the olfactory system of the bark beetle Ips typographus: single-cell responses to ecologically relevant odors. Journal of Insect Physiology 55(6): 556-567

Specificity and success of oral-bait delivery to Eurasian wild boar in Mediterranean woodland habitats. European Journal of Wildlife Research 57(4): 749-757

Specificity in chemical profiles of workers, brood and mutualistic fungi in Atta, Acromyrmex, and Sericomyrmex fungus-growing ants. Journal of Chemical Ecology 33(12): 2281-2292

Specificity in the symbiotic association between fungus-growing ants and protective Pseudonocardia bacteria. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 278(1713): 1814-1822

Specificity is rarely absolute in coral-algal symbiosis: implications for coral response to climate change. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 279(1738): 2609-2618

Specificity of resistance to dengue virus isolates is associated with genotypes of the mosquito antiviral gene Dicer-2. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 280(1751): 20122437-20122437

Specificity, rank preference, and the colonization of a non-native host plant by the Melissa blue butterfly. Oecologia 172(1): 177-188

Specifying and sustaining pigmentation patterns in domestic and wild cats. Science 337(6101): 1536-1541

Specimens of Galatheidae Crustacea Decapoda collected by NPq Soloncy Moura off the southern coast of Brazil under the Revizee Program. Zootaxa 1841 (4 August): 31-42

Specimens versus sequences. Science 323(5922): 1672; Author Reply 1672-1672; Author Reply 1672

Spectacular cases of gynandromorphism in Goliathus cacicus caught in the south of the Ivory Coast. Lambillionea, Suppl. (Tome 1) 101.3 (Septembre): 403

Spectacular morphological novelty in a miniature cyprinid fish, Danionella dracula n. sp. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 276(1665): 2179-2186

Spectacular song pattern from the Sicilian Mountains the new cicada species Cicadetta anapaistica sp n Hemiptera Cicadidae. Zootaxa 2771 (22 Feb): 25-40

Spectral and duration sensitivity to light-at-night in 'blind' and sighted rodent species. Journal of Experimental Biology 214(Pt 19): 3206-3217

Spectral and polarization sensitivity of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): phylogenetic considerations. Journal of Experimental Biology 213(Pt 18): 3187-3197

Spectral reflectance and communication in the wolf spider, Schizocosa ocreata Hentz simultaneous crypsis and background contrast in visual signals. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65(6): 1237-1247

Spectral sensitivity of a colour changing spider. Journal of Insect Physiology 57(4): 508-513

Spectral sensitivity of light-induced hatching and expression of genes mediating photoreception in eggs of the Asian tadpole shrimp Triops granarius. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 156(4): 416-421

Spectral sensitivity of phototaxis in the dinoflagellate Kryptoperidinium foliaceum and their reaction to physical encounters. Journal of Experimental Biology 215(Pt 13): 2342-2346

Spectral sensitivity of the concave mirror eyes of scallops: potential influences of habitat, self-screening and longitudinal chromatic aberration. Journal of Experimental Biology 214(Pt 3): 422-431

Spectral transmission of the principal-eye corneas of jumping spiders: implications for ultraviolet vision. Journal of Experimental Biology 215(Pt 16): 2853-2859

Spectral tuning and evolution of primate short-wavelength-sensitive visual pigments. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 279(1727): 387-393

Spectral tuning by selective chromophore uptake in rods and cones of eight populations of nine-spined stickleback (Pungitius pungitius). Journal of Experimental Biology 215(Pt 16): 2760-2773

Spectraregistered trademark fishing twine entanglement of a bottlenose dolphin a case study and experimental modeling. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60(9): 1477-1481

Spectroscopic analysis of hemolymph from the American lobster Homarus americanus. Journal of Shellfish Research 28(4): 905-912

Spectrum characteristics of echolocation call and frequency tuning of inferior collicular neurons in Hipposideros armiger. Chinese Journal of Zoology 44.1 (Feb 20): 128-132

SpedeSTEM: a rapid and accurate method for species delimitation. Molecular Ecology Resources 11(3): 473-480

Speech in honour of Dr Alexander Riedel. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 14.1-6 (Maerz): 13-16

Speech in honour of Dr Helmut Zwoelfer. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 14.1-6 (Maerz): 5-8

Speech in honour of Dr Peter Loesel. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 14.1-6 (Maerz): 17-19

Speech in honour of Dr Rudolf Baehrmann. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 14.1-6 (Maerz): 9-12

Speech in honour of Dr Walter Rudolf Steinhausen. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 18: 23-25

Speech in honour of Dr Wilfried Wichard. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 18: 13-15

Speech in honour of Jonas Eberle. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 18: 27

Speech in honour of Mr Guenter Ebert. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 14.1-6 (Maerz): 1-3

Speech in honour of Prof Dr Urs Wyss. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 18: 17-22

Speed versus accuracy in decision-making ants: expediting politics and policy implementation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 364(1518): 845-852

Speed-accuracy trade-offs during foraging decisions in the acellular slime mould Physarum polycephalum. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 278(1705): 539-545

Speed-accuracy tradeoffs and false alarms in bee responses to cryptic predators. Current Biology 18(19): 1520-1524

Speleonectes kakuki, a new species of Remipedia Crustacea from anchialine and sub-seafloor caves on Andros and Cat Island, Bahamas. Zootaxa 2016 (20 February): 51-66

Speleonectes williamsi, a new species of Remipedia Crustacea from the Bahamas. Zootaxa 3115 (01 Dec): 21-28

Spending degrees of freedom in a poor economy A case study of building a sightability model for moose in northeastern minnesota. Journal of Wildlife Management 76(1): 75-87

Spengelidae Hemichordata Enteropneusta from the Eastern Pacific including a new species, Schizocardium californicum, from California. Zootaxa 3569 (Nov 30): 79-88

Spercheidae, a family new to China, with redescription to Spercheus emarginatus Schaller Coleoptera, Hydrophiloidea. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 32(3): 553-555

Sperm competition, sperm numbers and sperm quality in muroid rodents. Plos One 6(3): E18173-E18173

Sperm length variation as a predictor of extrapair paternity in passerine birds. Plos One 5(10): E13456-E13456

Sperm morphology in the Malagasy rodents (Muroidea: Nesomyinae). Journal of Morphology 271(12): 1493-1500

Sperm motility-initiating activity in the egg jelly of the externally-fertilizing urodele amphibian, Hynobius lichenatus. Zoological Science 27(11): 875-879

Sperm swimming velocity predicts competitive fertilization success in the green swordtail Xiphophorus helleri. Plos One 5(8): E12146-E12146

Sperm ultrastructure of the hydrothermal vent octopod Vulcanoctopus hydrothermalis. Journal of Morphology 271(8): 932-936

Sperm ultrastructure of the spider crab Maja brachydactyla (Decapoda: Brachyura). Journal of Morphology 271(4): 407-417

Sperm Whale Physeter macrocephalus stranded at Devbagh beach, Karwar, western coast of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(12): 1338-1341

Sperm allocation pattern during a reproductive season in the copulating marine cottoid species, Alcichthys alcicornis. Environmental Biology of Fishes: 323-331

Sperm and spermatozeugma structure in Xenurobrycon Teleostei Characidae Stevardiinae Xenurobryconini. Copeia

Sperm chemotaxis, fluid shear, and the evolution of sexual reproduction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(32): 13200-5

Sperm competition affects sex allocation but not sperm morphology in a flatworm. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64(9): 1367-1375

Sperm competition and ejaculate investment in red squirrels Tamiasciurus hudsonicus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63(6): 835-846

Sperm competition and sperm length influence the rate of mammalian spermatogenesis. Biology Letters 6(2): 219-221

Sperm competition and the evolution of sperm design in mammals. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 11: 12-12

Sperm competition does not influence sperm hook morphology in selection lines of house mice. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24(4): 856-862

Sperm competition favors harmful males in seed beetles. Current Biology 19(5): 404-407

Sperm competition games: a general model for precopulatory male-male competition. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 67(1): 95-109

Sperm competition risk affects male mate choice copying. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65(9): 1699-1707

Sperm competition risk and mate choice in male Trinidadian guppies, Poecilia reticulata. Animal Behaviour 81(3): 639-644

Sperm competition selects for sperm quantity and quality in the Australian Maluridae. Plos One 6(1): E15720-E15720

Sperm competitive ability and indices of lifetime reproductive success. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 64(9): 2746-2757

Sperm cryopreservation and the DNA damage detection in Pagrosomus major. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 34(5): 1049-1055

Sperm depletion and a test of the phenotype-linked fertility hypothesis in Gray Treefrogs Hyla versicolor. Canadian Journal of Zoology 89(9): 853-858

Sperm dimensions differ between two Coal Tit Periparus ater populations. Journal of Ornithology 152(3): 515-520

Sperm features of captive Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26. 5. (Oct)

Sperm fertility of the subtropical freshwater streaked prochilod Prochilodus lineatus Characiformes improved after dilution and cold storage. Aquaculture Research 41.10 (Sept): e679-e687

Sperm investment in male meadow voles is affected by the condition of the nearby male conspecifics. Behavioral Ecology 19(6): 1159-1164

Sperm morphology, ATP content, and analysis of motility in Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 89(3): 219-228

Sperm morphology, swimming velocity, and longevity in the house sparrow Passer domesticus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64(4): 557-565

Sperm motility and fertilizing ability of frozen spermatozoa of males XY and neomales XX of perch Perca fluviatilis. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 24. 4

Sperm motility and seminal plasma characteristics in Barbus sharpeyi Guenther, 1874. Aquaculture Research 41.10 (Sept): e688-e694

Sperm motility and testicular histology as reproductive indicators of fish health of two feral fish species from a currently DDT sprayed area, South Africa. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26. 5. (Oct)

Sperm motility in European hake, Merluccius merluccius, and characterization of its spermatozoa concentration and volume, spermatocrit, osmolality and pH. Aquaculture 301.1-4 (Mar 23): 31-36

Sperm motility of Prochilodus lineatus in relation to dilution rate and temperature of the activating medium. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26. 5. (Oct)

Sperm motility of Rhamdia quelen studied using computer-assisted analysis by open-source software. Aquaculture Research 42(1): 153-156

Sperm number and velocity affect sperm competition success in the guppy Poecilia reticulata. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65(4): 813-821

Sperm performance under hypoxic conditions in the intertidal fish Porichthys notatus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87(5): 464-469

Sperm phenotypic plasticity in a cichlid a territorial males counterstrategy to spawning takeover. Behavioral Ecology 21.6 (November-December): 1293-1300

Sperm production and quality in brill Scophthalmus rhombus L.: relation to circulating sex steroid levels. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 39(2): 215-220

Sperm production in the red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus Decapoda, Parastacidae. Aquaculture 295.3-4 (October 16): 292-299

Sperm quality of Brazilian flounder Paralichthys orbignyanus throughout the reproductive season. Aquaculture Research 41.9 (Aug 16): e199-e207

Sperm quantity and quality effects on fertilization success in a highly promiscuous passerine, the tree swallow Tachycineta bicolor. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64(9): 1473-1483

Sperm release and use at fertilization by yellow dung fly females Scathophaga stercoraria. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98(3): 511-518

Sperm removal and ejaculate size correlate with chelae asymmetry in a freshwater crayfish species. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 62(11): 1739-1745

Sperm removal, ejaculation and their behavioural interaction in male cuttlefish in response to female mating history. Animal Behaviour 79(3): 613-619

Sperm storage and mating in the deep-sea squid <i>Taningia danae</i> Joubin, 1931 (Oegopsida: Octopoteuthidae). Marine Biology 157(2): 393-400

Sperm storage and use in polyandrous females of the globally invasive fruitfly, Ceratitis capitata. Journal of Insect Physiology 56(11): 1542-1551

Sperm storage and viability within females of Euscepes postfasciatus: effect of irradiation on sperm abundance and viability within female. Journal of Insect Physiology 55(9): 813-817

Sperm structure and motility in the eusocial naked mole-rat, Heterocephalus glaber: a case of degenerative orthogenesis in the absence of sperm competition?. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 11: 351-351

Sperm trait differences between wild and farmed Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Aquaculture 344-349 (May 21): 242-247

Sperm traits in Chinook salmon depend upon activation medium implications for studies of sperm competition in fishes. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87(10): 920-927

Sperm ultrastructure in Bathypolypus bairdii and B. sponsalis (Cephalopoda: Octopoda). Journal of Morphology 271(2): 143-151

Sperm ultrastructure of gampsocleis sedakovii and gampsocleis gratiosa orthoptera, tettigoniidae. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 36(3): 664-669

Sperm ultrastructure of the gall bladder fluke Anisocoelium capitellatum (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae), a parasite of Uranoscopus scaber (Pisces: Uranoscopidae). Parasitology Research 104(4): 801-807

Sperm utilization in subadult and adult simultaneous hermaphrodite snails mating in the wild. Canadian Journal of Zoology 89(11): 1041-1049

Sperm viability in the male accessory testes and female spermathecae of the bumblebee Bombus terrestris Hymenoptera Apidae. European Journal of Entomology 105(5): 849-854

Sperm whale population structure in the eastern and central North Pacific inferred by the use of single-nucleotide polymorphisms, microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Ecology Resources 11 Suppl 1: 278-298

Sperm-dependent parthenogens delay the spatial expansion of their sexual hosts. Journal of Theoretical Biology 261(3): 431-440

Sperm-duct gland secretion of the grass goby Zosterisessor ophiocephalus exhibits antimicrobial activity. Journal of Fish Biology 73(7): 1823-1828

Sperm-egg binding mediated by sperm alpha-L-fucosidase in the ascidian, Halocynthia roretzi. Zoological Science 19(1): 43-48

Sperm-egg incompatibility in inter-specific inseminations of Penaeus Litopenaeus occidentalis, P Litopenaeus stylirostris and P Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquaculture 309.1-4 (Nov 22): 290-292

Sperm-related phenotypes implicated in both maintenance and breakdown of a natural species barrier in the house mouse. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 279(1748): 4803-4810

Spermatic cell characteristics in Gymnotiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi) and their phylogenetic meaning. Journal of Fish Biology 75(9): 2226-2243

Spermatogenesis and Sperm Morphology of Sea Cucumber Acaudina leucoprocta. Chinese Journal of Zoology 47.5 (Oct 20): 66-73

Spermatogenesis and sperm structure the black-striped pipefish Syngnathus abaster Teleostei, Syngnathidae. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 17. 1

Spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis in Bufo gargariizans. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 27.3 (May 30): 347-350

Spermatogenesis in reciprocal hybrids of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L, 1758 and sea trout Salmo trutta trutta L, 1758 during their freshwater period. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 28(6): 906-913

Spermatogenesis of the spider crab Maja brachydactyla (Decapoda: Brachyura). Journal of Morphology 271(4): 394-406

Spermatological characters of bothriocephalideans (Cestoda) inferred from an ultrastructural study on Oncodiscus sauridae and Senga sp. Parasitology Research 109(1): 9-18

Spermatological characters of monozoic tapeworms (Cestoda: Caryophyllidea), including first data on a species from the Indomalayan catfish. Journal of Parasitology 98(2): 423-430

Spermatological characters of the digenean Rubenstrema exasperatum (Rudolphi, 1819) (Plagiorchioidea, Omphalometridae). Parasitology Research 108(5): 1283-1293

Spermatological characters of the spathebothriidean tapeworm Didymobothrium rudolphii (Monticelli, 1890). Parasitology Research 106(6): 1435-1442

Spermatophore genesis in the squid Sthenoteuthis pteropus Cephalopoda, Ommastrephidae. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 90(8): 907-915

Spermatophore quality of the pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus paulensis Decapoda, Dendrobranchiata broodstock fed with different maturation diets. Aquaculture 307.1-2 (Sep 1): 44-48

Spermatozoa of Sharpsnout sea bream Diplodus puntazzo and European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax express opioid receptors. Aquaculture 309.1-4 (Nov 22): 293-296

Spermatozoa of the teleost fish Perca fluviatilis perch have the ability to swim for more than two hours in saline solutions. Aquaculture 314.1-4 (Apr 4): 221-224

Spermidine is required for morphogenesis in the human pathogenic fungus, Penicillium marneffei. Fungal Genetics and Biology 58-59: 25-32

Spermiogenesis and sperm ultrastructure of Valipora mutabilis Linton, 1927 (Cestoda, Cyclophyllidea, Gryporhynchidae). Parasitology Research 103(6): 1397-1405

Spermiogenesis and spermatozoon of the tapeworm Ligula intestinalis (Diphyllobothriidea): phylogenetic implications. Journal of Parasitology 95(1): 1-9

Spermiogenesis and spermatozoon ultrastructure of the bothriocephalidean cestode Clestobothrium crassiceps (Rudolphi, 1819), a parasite of the teleost fish Merluccius merluccius (Gadiformes: Merlucciidae). Parasitology Research 110(1): 19-30

Spermiogenesis and spermatozoon ultrastructure of the diphyllidean cestode Echinobothrium euterpes (Neifar, Tyler and Euzet 2001) Tyler 2006, a parasite of the common guitarfish Rhinobatos rhinobatos. Parasitology Research 109(3): 809-821

Spermiogenesis in the imbricate alligator lizard, Barisia imbricata (Reptilia, Squamata, Anguidae). Journal of Morphology 274(6): 603-614

Spermless males elicit large-scale female responses to mating in the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(33): 13677-13681

Spermophilus torosensis Ozkurt et al, 2007 Sciuridae, Rodentia is a subjective junior synonym of Spermophilus taurensis Gunduz et al, 2007, a newly described ground squirrel from the Taurus; Mountains of southern Turkey. Zootaxa 1663 (17 December): 67-68

Sphaenorhynchus dorisae spotted hatchet-faced treefrog ocular anomaly. Herpetological Review 39(2): 211-212

Sphaeridiotrema globulus and Sphaeridiotrema pseudoglobulus (Digenea): species differentiation based on mtDNA (Barcode) and partial LSU-rDNA sequences. Journal of Parasitology 97(6): 1132-1136

Sphaerocetum gen n, a new genus of the Protosternini from Peninsular Malaysia Coleoptera Hydrophilidae Sphaeridiinae. Zootaxa (2 Sep): 28-36

Sphaerodactylus dunni ncn. Herpetological Review 42(1): 113

Sphaerodactylus elegans elegans ashy gecko. Herpetological Review 39(1): 110

Sphaerodactylus pacificus pacific least gecko endoparasites. Herpetological Review 42(2): 279

Sphaerodactylus rosaurae bay island least gecko. Herpetological Review 42(3): 391

Sphaerodoridae Annelida Polychaeta from the Bellingshausen Sea Antarctica with the description of two new species. Polar Biology 34(2): 193-204

Sphaerodoridae Annelida Polychaeta from the deep south-west Pacific, with the description of a new species of Sphaerodoropsis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 91(2): 439-445

Sphaerosyllis levantina sp n Annelida from the eastern Mediterranean, with notes on character variation in Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparede, 1863. ZooKeys, Suppl. (Special Issue) 150: 327-345

Sphaerularia vespae sp. nov. (Nematoda, Tylenchomorpha, Sphaerularioidea), an endoparasite of a common Japanese hornet, Vespa simillima Smith (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Zoological Science 24(11): 1134-1142

Sphecid wasps from east azarbaijan province, iran hymenoptera sphecidae. Munis Entomology & Zoology 5(2): 796-803

Sphecidae Hymenoptera Apoidea of Rio de Janeiro State Southeast Brazil new geographic records and remarks on faunal distribution. Biota Neotropica 11(4): 1-4

Sphenodon punctatus common tuatara prey detection. Herpetological Review 39(3): 347-348

Sphenodon punctatus tuatara frugivory. Herpetological Review: 211-212

Sphenomorphus incognitus brown forest skink parental care. Herpetological Review 43(1): 141

Spherical First Passage Time A tool to investigate area-restricted search in three-dimensional movements. Ecological Modelling (Jul 10): 1665-1673

Sphincterochilidae from Tunisia, with a note on the subgenus Rima Pallary, 1910 (Gastropoda, Pulmonata). Zookeys: 1-15

Sphinctotropis = Spathorrhamphus corsicus Marshall, 1902, the Corsican anthribid the end of a myth Coleoptera Anthribidae. Entomologiste (Paris) 65.2 (mars-avril): 103-105

Sphingidae of south Benin Study of the fauna of forest islands and adjacent areas. Lambillionea, Suppl. (Tome 1) 101.2 (Juin): 275-284

Sphingosine kinase-1 inhibition protects primary rat hepatocytes against bile salt-induced apoptosis. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1832(12): 1922-1929

Sphyraena intermedia sp nov Pisces Sphyraenidae a potential new species of barracuda identified from the central Mediterranean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 89(6): 1299-1303

Spicara smaris L reproductive behaviour in Alassio Artificial Reef. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, Suppl. (Parte Seconda) 9. 1

Spider Aranei population in bog-forest ecotone of the northern taiga subzone Eastern Fennoscandia. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 91(2): 148-162

Spider Males Adjust Mate Choice but Not Sperm Allocation to Cues of a Rival. Ethology 117(11): 970-978

Spider movement, UV reflectance and size, but not spider crypsis, affect the response of honeybees to Australian crab spiders. Plos One 6(2): E17136-E17136

Spider communities Araneae on rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis Muell Arg plantations in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 19.3 (Setembro): 781-788

Spider fauna of some Italian urban biotopes Arachnida Araneae. Atti del Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia 19. 2

Spider mites Tetranychus urticae perform poorly on and disperse from plants exposed to methyl jasmonate. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 137(2): 143-152

Spider monkeys use high-quality core areas in a tropical dry forest. Journal of Zoology (London) 287(4): 250-258

Spider records form Serra da Estrela Natural Park Portugal II Families Sparassidae and Thomisidae Arachnida, Araneae. Boletin de la SEA 42 (31 mayo): 293-296

Spider records from Serra da Estrela Natural Park Portugal families Araneidae and Tetragnathidae Arachnida, Araneae. Boletin de la SEA 39: 245-250

Spider silk as a novel high performance biomimetic muscle driven by humidity. Journal of Experimental Biology 212(Pt 13): 1990-1994

Spider silk reduces insect herbivory. Biology Letters 9(1): 20120948-20120948

Spider wasps Hymenoptera Pompilidae of the Dominican Republic. Zootaxa 3353 (21 Jun): 1-47

Spider, bee, and bird communities in cities are shaped by environmental control and high stochasticity. Ecology 91(11): 3343-3353

Spider-Ant Associations An Updated Review of Myrmecomorphy, Myrmecophily, and Myrmecophagy in Spiders. Psyche (Cambridge), Suppl. Article ID 151989

Spiders Arachnida Araneae from the Selvagens Islands Portugal additions to the current knowledge. Boletin de la SEA 45 (30 noviembre): 343-348

Spiders Araneae Chapter 73. BioRisk, Suppl. (Special Issue) 4: 131-147

Spiders Araneae from Porto Santo Madeira, Portugal additions to the current knowledge. Boletin de la SEA 45 (30 noviembre): 471-475

Spiders Araneae, Arachnida from Sao Paulo State, Brazil diversity, sampling efforts, and state-of-art. Biota Neotropica, Suppl. Numero Especial 11.1a: 1-31

Spiders and predatory mites in the canopies of organically managed Montenegrina tangerine trees, in Montenegro county, RS. Neotropical Entomology 36.6 (November-December): 939-948

Spiders as professional entomologists. Boletin de la SEA 35 (Octubre): 291-292

Spiders associated with Psychotria carthagenensis Jacquin. (Rubiaceae): vegetative branches versus inflorescences, and the influence of Crematogaster sp. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), in South-Pantanal, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology 68(2): 229-232

Spiders do not escape reproductive manipulations by Wolbachia. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 11: 15-15

Spiders from Fernando de Noronha, Brazil Part II Proposal of a new genus and description of three new species of jumping spiders Araneae, Salticidae. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 24.3 (setembro): 771-776

Spiders of the genus Phycosoma OP-Cambridge, 1879 Araneae Theridiidae from Hainan Island, China. Zootaxa 3339 (8 Jun): 30-43

Spike bursts generated by the thermosensitive (cold) neuron from the antennal campaniform sensilla of the ground beetle Platynus assimilis. Journal of Insect Physiology 56(4): 412-421

Spike-interval triggered averaging reveals a quasi-periodic spiking alternative for stochastic resonance in catfish electroreceptors. Plos One 7(3): E32786-E32786

Spiking patterns and their functional implications in the antennal lobe of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta. Plos One 6(8): E23382-E23382

Spinal cord injury models in non human primates: are lesions created by sharp instruments relevant to human injuries?. Medical Hypotheses 81(4): 747-748

Spinal deformities in the black-striped pipefish Syngnathus abaster (Pisces, Syngnathidae) from the Tunis North Lake, Tunisia. Chemosphere 82(3): 318-320

Spinal tumours in snakes - a description of three cases. Akvarium Terarium 45(1): 74-75

Spindle Assembly and Spatial Distribution of gamma-tubulin During Abortive Meiosis and Cleavage Division in the Parthenogenetic Water Flea Daphnia pulex. Zoological Science (Tokyo) 29(11): 733-737

Spinibdella Thor Acari Bdellidae from southern Africa descriptions of five new species and the redescription of S thori Meyer Ryke. Zootaxa 3304 (8 May): 1-24

Spinipterus, a new genus of small, spiny catfish Siluriformes Auchenipteridae from the Peruvian Amazon. Zootaxa 2992 (11 Aug): 52-60

Spinisternum castaneipictus Willemse, 1966 Orthoptera Tettigoniidae Conocephalinae from Papua New Guinea, with description of the male and remarks on the relationship. Zootaxa 2055 (27 March): 61-68

Spinner dolphin Stenella longirostris and other cetaceans in Raja Ampat waters, West Papua. Marine Biodiversity Records 3

Spinturnicid mites and bats cophylogeny: comment on Bruyndonckx et al. (2009) "Molecular cophylogenetic relationships between European bats and their ectoparasitic mites (Acari, Spinturnicidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57(1): 479-480

Spiny lobsters detect conspecific blood-borne alarm cues exclusively through olfactory sensilla. Journal of Experimental Biology 211(Pt 16): 2600-2608

Spiny theridiids in the Asian tropics Systematics, notes on behaviour and species richness Araneae Theridiidae Chrysso, Meotipa. Contributions to Natural History (Bern) 12.1 (18 December): 403-436

Spionidae Annelida from shallow waters around the British Islands an identification guide for the NMBAQC Scheme with an overview of spionid morphology and biology. Zootaxa 3152 (6 Jan): 1-35

Spiral and target patterns in bivalve nacre manifest a natural excitable medium from layer growth of a biological liquid crystal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(26): 10499-10504

Spirinia lara sp n and Spirinia sophia sp n Nematoda, Desmodoridae from the Brazilian continental margin Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro. Zootaxa 2081 (24 Apr): 31-45

Spirochetes in crystalline styles of marine bivalves group-specific pcr detection and 16s rrna sequence analysis. Journal of Shellfish Research 29(4): 1069-1075

Spirodesma magdae nov gen nov sp Nematoda Desmodoridae from the Brazilian deep sea Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Zootaxa, Suppl. (Special Issue) 2096 (11 May): 109-118

Spiroplasma bacteria enhance survival of Drosophila hydei attacked by the parasitic wasp Leptopilina heterotoma. Plos One 5(8): E12149-E12149

Spirorchiidiasis in stranded loggerhead Caretta caretta and green turtles Chelonia mydas in Florida (USA): host pathology and significance. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 89(3): 237-259

Spleen immune status is affected after acute handling stress but not regulated by cortisol in Eurasian perch, Perca fluviatilis. Fish & Shellfish Immunology 28(5-6): 931-941

Spleen mass, body condition, and parasite load in male American mink Neovison vison. Journal of Mammalogy 92.1 (Feb 16): 221-226

Splendid Hybrids The Effects of a Tiger Beetle Hybrid Zone on Apparent Species Diversity. Psyche (Cambridge), Suppl. Article ID 398180

Splenic mass of masked shrews, Sorex cinereus, in relation to body mass, sex, age, day of the year, and bladder nematode, Liniscus (=Capillaria) maseri, infection. Journal of Parasitology 95(1): 228-230

Spliceosomal Intron Insertions in Genome Compacted Ray-Finned Fishes as Evident from Phylogeny of MC Receptors, Also Supported by a Few Other GPCRs. PLoS ONE 6(8): e22046

Splicing and transcription differ between spore and intracellular life stages in the parasitic microsporidia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 27(7): 1579-1584

Splicing biomarkers of disease severity in myotonic dystrophy. Annals of Neurology 74(6): 862-872

Spodoptera frugiperda JE Smith Lepidoptera Noctuidae eggs as alternative food for rearing of lady beetles Eriopis connexa Germar Coleoptera Coccinellidae. Biological Control 64(2): 101-105

Spodoptera frugiperda X-tox protein, an immune related defensin rosary, has lost the function of ancestral defensins. Plos One 4(8): E6795-E6795

Sponge mass mortalities in a warming Mediterranean Sea: are cyanobacteria-harboring species worse off?. Plos One 6(6): E20211-E20211

Sponge biodiversity of South Georgia Island with descriptions of fifteen new species. Zootaxa 3542 (7 Nov): 1-48

Sponge biodiversity of the Jason Islands and Stanley, Falkland Islands with descriptions of twelve new species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 91(2): 275-301

Sponge communities of the upper rivers Parana Goias and Paraguai Mato Grosso, Brazil, with redescription of Oncosclera schubarti Bonetto Ezcurra de Drago. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 19.1 (Marco): 123-136

Sponge community composition in the Derawan Islands, NE Kalimantan, Indonesia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 396

Sponge cytogenetics - mitotic chromosomes of ten species of freshwater sponge. Zoological Science 25(5): 480-486

Sponge fauna of the protected area of Meandros do Rio Araguaia GO, MT, TO, Brazil, with description of Heteromeyenia cristalina sp nov Porifera, Demospongiae. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 24.3 (setembro): 608-630

Sponge host characteristics shape the community structure of their shrimp associates. Marine Ecology Progress Series: 1-12

Sponge species composition, abundance, and cover in marine lakes and coastal mangroves in Berau, Indonesia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 481: 105-120

Sponge-dwelling crustaceans at Ceara state litoral, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 23.3 (setembro): 699-702

Sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps Alpheidae Synalpheus of Barbados, West Indies, with a description of a new eusocial species. Zootaxa 2834 (27 Apr): 1-16

Sponges Porifera and eukaryotic, unicellular plankton A case study on Aplysina aerophoba, Nardo 1886 in the Northern Adriatic. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 382.1 (December 31): 40-46

Sponges Porifera, Demospongiae of the continental shelf off the coast of Amapa State, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 23.3 (setembro): 667-677

Sponges as a hotspot of biodiversity. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, Suppl. (Parte Prima) 12. 1

Sponges as agents of biological disturbance. Marine Ecology Progress Series 368: 127-135

Sponges associated with Sargassum spp Phaeophyceae Fucales from the south-western Gulf of California. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 90(1): 193-202

Sponges from Clipperton Island, East Pacific. Zootaxa 2839 (29 Apr): 1-46

Sponges in an extreme environment suberitids from the quasi-marine Satonda Island crater lake Sumbawa, Indonesia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 90(1): 203-212

Spontaneous Development of Full Weight-Supported Stepping after Complete Spinal Cord Transection in the Neonatal Opossum, Monodelphis domestica. PLoS ONE 6(11): e26826, 1-13

Spontaneous innovation for future deception in a male chimpanzee. Plos One 7(5): E36782-E36782

Spontaneous acoustic activity of the tawny owl Strix aluco in a residential area of central Italy. Avocetta 27. 1

Spontaneous activation of spermatozoa motility by routine freeze-thawing in different fish species. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26. 5. (Oct)

Spontaneous fluctuation of the resting membrane potential in Paramecium: amplification caused by intracellular Ca2+. Journal of Experimental Biology 212(Pt 2): 270-276

Spontaneous formation of multiple routes in individual desert ants Cataglyphis velox. Behavioral Ecology 23(5): 944-954

Spontaneous human speech mimicry by a cetacean. Current Biology 22(20): R860-R861

Spontaneous innovation in tool manufacture and use in a Goffin's cockatoo. Current Biology 22(21): R903-R904

Spontaneous motor entrainment to music in multiple vocal mimicking species. Current Biology 19(10): 831-836

Spontaneous planning for future stone throwing by a male chimpanzee. Current Biology 19(5): R190-R191

Spontaneous recovery of the injured higher olfactory center in the terrestrial slug limax. Plos One 5(2): E9054-E9054

Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia wintering in Grosseto province. Alula (Roma) 16. 1-2

Sporadic Infection of Wolbachia in a Recently Established Population of Formica fusca. Psyche (Cambridge), Suppl. Article ID 432151

Spore ornamentation of Minchinia occulta n. sp. (Haplosporidia) in rock oysters Saccostrea cuccullata (Born, 1778). Parasitology 135(11): 1271-1280

Sporulation and survival of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in different types of commercial cat litter. Journal of Parasitology 97(5): 751-754

Spotlight surveys for white-tailed deer Monitoring panacea or exercise in futility. Journal of Wildlife Management 77(1): 165-171

Spots and stripes: ecology and colour pattern evolution in butterflyfishes. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 280(1757): 20122730-20122730

Spotted crake. Acrocephalus (Ljubljana) 23.110-111: 53

Spotted eagle. Acrocephalus (Ljubljana) 22.106-107: 122

Spotting the top male sexually selected signals in male Polistes dominulus wasps. Animal Behaviour 83(3): 839-845

Sprat feeding behaviour, selective predation, and impact on plaice egg mortality. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(6): 1019-1029

Spread and non-target effects of Eretmocerus mundus imported into California for control of Bemisia tabaci 2002-2011. Biological Control 65(1): 6-13

Spread of phosphine resistance among brazilian populations of three species of stored product insects. Neotropical Entomology 39(1): 101-107

Spread of Plague Among Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs Is Associated With Colony Spatial Characteristics. Journal of Wildlife Management 75(2): 357-368

Spread of avian influenza viruses by common teal Anas crecca in Europe. PLoS ONE 4(10): e7289

Spread of invasive Aedes albopictus and decline of resident Aedes aegypti in urban areas of Mayotte 2007-2010. Biological Invasions 14(8): 1623-1633

Spread of ticks and tick-borne diseases in Germany due to global warming. Parasitology Research 103 Suppl 1: S109-S116

Spreading board magnetization. Entomologiste (Paris) 65.6 (novembre-decembre): 339

Spreading of the allochthonous species Percnon gibbesi in the central Tyrrhenian Sea. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, Suppl. (Parte Prima) 12. 1

Spreading the risk Small-scale body temperature variation among intertidal organisms and its implications for species persistence. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 400.1-2 (Apr 30): 175-190

Spring Bed-site Selection by Capra ibex in Mazong Mountain, Gansu Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 30.4 (July 28): 633-637

Spring Diets and Food Nutrients of Sclaters Monal at Mt Gaoligong, China. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 31.1 (January 28): 17-21

Spring Migration of Raptors at the Conero Promontory 1999-2001. Avocetta 27. 1

Spring and Summer Distribution and Habitat Use by Adult Threatened Spotted Gar in Rondeau Bay, Ontario, Using Radiotelemetry. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141(4): 1026-1035

Spring and summer use of a reedbed by barn swallows Hirundo rustica and sand martins Riparia riparia in Co Cork. Irish Naturalists' Journal 29(2): 126-128

Spring density of the rock ptarmigan Lagopus mutus and the rock partridge Alectoris graeca in the Pellice and Chisone valleys Cozie Alps, Torino. Avocetta, Suppl. (Numero speciale) 27

Spring distribution and density of minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata along an offshore bank in the central North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series: 265-274

Spring fens as a unique biotope of stonefly larvae Plecoptera species richness and species composition gradients. Aquatic Insects, Suppl. (Supplement 1) 31

Spring habitat selection of forest musk deer Moschus berezovskii in Fengxian County, Shaanxi Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 27.1 (Jan 30): 115-119

Spring migration along the Adriatic coast the ringing centre of Monte Brisighella Monte San Bartolo national park, Pesaro from 1994 to 2002. Avocetta, Suppl. (Numero speciale) 27

Spring migration characteristics of the House Martin, Delichon urbica Aves Hirundinidae in Croatia A response to climate change?. Zoologia 28(1): 139-141

Spring migration of the yellow wagtail Motacilla flava along the Adriatic coast. Avocetta, Suppl. (Numero speciale) 27

Spring migration routes and chronology of surf scoters Melanitta perspicillata a synthesis of Pacific coast studies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87(11): 1069-1086

Spring migration routes of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) that winter in Japan, determined from satellite telemetry. Zoological Science 25(9): 875-881

Spring migratory stopover of Swainsons thrush along the Pacific Coast of southwest Costa Rica. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(1): 74-84

Spring mortality of the cyclopoid copepod Oithona similis in polar waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 372: 169-180

Spring partitioning of Disko Bay, West Greenland, by Arctic and Subarctic baleen whales. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(7): 1226-1233

Spring passerine migrants stopping over in the Sahara are not fall-outs. Journal of Ornithology 151(2): 371-378

Spring peepers and pitcher plants a case of commensalism?. Herpetological Review 39(2): 154-155

Spring phenological responses of marine and freshwater plankton to changing temperature and light conditions. Marine Biology (Berlin) 159(11): 2491-2501

Spring phenology delays in an insular subtropical songbird is response to climate change constrained by population size. Journal of Ornithology 153(2): 355-366

Spring stopover and refueling among migrant passerines in the sierra de los tuxtlas, veracruz, mexico. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123(3): 575-587

Spring stopover patterns of migrating Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus temperature as a predictor over a 10-year period. Journal of Ornithology 153(2): 477-483

Spring vegetation phenology is a robust predictor of breeding date across broad landscapes: a multi-site approach using the Corsican blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus). Oecologia 162(4): 885-892

Spring-neap cycle as a major driver of temporal variations in feeding of intertidal fishes evidence from the sea catfish Sciades herzbergii Ariidae of equatorial west Atlantic mangrove creeks. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 367.2 (December 15): 91-99

Springtail Hexapoda, Collembola fauna of Wrangel Island. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal: 804-816

Springtail communities Collembola of East-European broad-leaved forests. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 89(5): 559-573

Springtails and silverfishes Apterygota Chapter 135. BioRisk, Suppl. (Special Issue) 4: 851-854

Spurious 99% bootstrap and jackknife support for unsupported clades. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61(1): 177-191

Spurious hyperphosphatemia in a case of multiple myeloma. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 29(2): 250-252

Spurn Point, East Yorkshire. Atropos 48 (winter): 68-69

Spurn, Yorkshire. British Birds 106(2): 115-117

Squaco Squacco heron. Acrocephalus (Ljubljana) 23.110-111: 49

Squalius janae, a new species of fish from the Adriatic Sea basin in Slovenia Actinopterygii Cyprinidae. Zootaxa 2536 (14 Jul): 53-68

Squamata - snakes agkistrodon contortrix contortrix southern copperhead maximum captive length. Herpetological Review 43(2): 265

Squamata reptiles of a fragment of tropical dry forest in northwestern Venezuela Lake Maracaibo region. Check List 8(6): 1220-1224

Squamata, Dipsadidae, Boiruna sertaneja Zaher, 1996 New records and geographic distribution map. Check List 8(5): 968-969

Squamata, Elapidae, Micrurus surinamensis Cuvier, 1817 new records and distribution map in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, with notes on diet and activity period. Check List 7(3): 350-351

Squamata, Gekkonidae, Ptychozoon trinotaterra Brown, 1999 Rediscovery in Thailand. Check List 7(6): 820-822

Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Anotosaura vanzolinia Dixon, 1974 new records and geographic distribution map. Check List 8(4): 632-633

Squamata, Iguania, Anolis punctatus Daudin, 1802 and Tropidurus torquatus Wied, 1820 distribution extension and new records for Ilha Grande, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7(3): 270-271

Squamata, Iguania, Leiosauridae, Pristidactylus nigroiugulus Cei, Scolaro and Videla, 2001 New records for Chubut Province and geographic distribution. Check List 7(4): 404-406

Squamata, Phyllodactylidae, Phyllodactylus thompsoni Venegas, Townsend, Koch and Bohme, 2008 and Phyllodactylus delsolari Venegas, Townsend, Koch and Bohme, 2008 latitudinal and altitudinal; distribution extension and geographic distribution map. Check List 7(3): 272-275

Squamata, Polychrotidae, Anolis chrysolepis Dumeril and Bibron, 1837 distribution extension. Check List 7(3): 385-387

Squamata, Scincidae, Eutropis trivittata Hardwicke and Gray, 1827 distribution extension. Check List 7(3): 363-364

Squamata, Scincidae, Mabuya dorsivittata Cope, 1862 distribution extension in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Check List 7(3): 388

Squamata, Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Philodryas viridissima Linnaeus, 1758 first record in the state of Acre, northern Brazil. Check List 8(2): 258-259

Squamata, Serpentes, Micrurus silviae Di-Bernardo, Borges-Martins and Silva, 2007 Presence confirmation in Paraguay. Check List 7(6): 809-810

Squamata, Serpentes, Viperidae, Bothrocophias hyoprora Amaral, 1935 Distribution extension in the state of Acre, northern Brazil. Check List 7(6): 813-814

Squamata-lizards ameiva ameiva common south american green lizard prey and feeding behavior. Herpetological Review 43(2): 328

Squamata-lizards anolis carolinensis green anole. Herpetological Review 43(2): 304

Squamata-lizards anolis petersii peters anole. Herpetological Review 43(2): 304

Squamata-lizards anolis sagrei brown anole. Herpetological Review 43(2): 304

Squamata-lizards anolis yoroensis. Herpetological Review 43(2): 304-305

Squamata-lizards barisia imbricata imbricata imbricate alligator lizard. Herpetological Review 43(2): 305

Squamata-lizards brachymeles cebuensis cebu slender skink. Herpetological Review 43(2): 305

Squamata-lizards chamaeleo chamaeleon common chamaeleon. Herpetological Review 43(2): 305

Squamata-lizards ctenosaura hemilopha cape spiny-tailed iguana. Herpetological Review 43(2): 305

Squamata-lizards hemidactylus turcicus mediterranean gecko. Herpetological Review 43(2): 305

Squamata-lizards holbrookia lacerata lacerata northern spot-tailed earless lizard usa texas. Herpetological Review 43(2): 305-306

Squamata-lizards lepidodactylus lugubris mourning gecko. Herpetological Review 43(2): 306

Squamata-lizards lepidophyma gaigeae gaiges tropical night lizard. Herpetological Review 43(2): 306

Squamata-lizards scincella lateralis little brown skink. Herpetological Review 43(2): 306

Squamata-lizards urosaurus ornatus ornate tree lizard. Herpetological Review 43(2): 306-307

Squamata-snakes bothropoides neuwiedi neuwieds lancehead endoparasites. Herpetological Review 43(2): 340

Squamata-snakes coluber constrictor north american racer. Herpetological Review 43(2): 307

Squamata-snakes contia longicaudae forest sharp-tailed snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 307

Squamata-snakes crotalus horridus timber rattlesnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 307

Squamata-snakes diadophis punctatus ring-necked snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 307

Squamata-snakes farancia abacura red-bellied mudsnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 307

Squamata-snakes geophis dugesi chihuahuan earth snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 307

Squamata-snakes imantodes lentiferus blunt-headed tree snake, dormideira. Herpetological Review 43(2): 307-308

Squamata-snakes nerodia sipedon northern watersnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 308

Squamata-snakes opheodrys aestivus rough green snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 308

Squamata-snakes porthidium volcanicum costa rican hog-nosed pitvipers. Herpetological Review 43(2): 308

Squamata-snakes ramphotyphlops braminus brahminy blindsnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 308

Squamata-snakes regina septemvittata queen snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 308

Squamata-snakes rhadinaea laureata crowned graceful brownsnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 308-309

Squamata-snakes rhadinaea montana nuevo leon graceful brown snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 309

Squamata-snakes sibynophis collaris collared black-headed snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 309

Squamata-snakes sistrurus catenatus tergeminus western massasauga. Herpetological Review 43(2): 309

Squamata-snakes storeria occipitomaculata red-bellied snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 309

Squamata-snakes tantilla coronata southeastern crowned snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 309

Squamata-snakes thamnophis cyrtopsis black-necked gartersnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 309

Squamata-snakes thamnophis radix plains gartersnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 309-310

Squamata-snakes thamnophis rufipunctatus narrow-headed gartesnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 310

Squamata-snakes thamnophis sauritus eastern ribbonsnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 310

Squamata-snakes thamnophis sirtalis eastern gartersnake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 310

Squamata-snakes urotheca guentheri striped glass-tailed snake. Herpetological Review 43(2): 310

Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucuge, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1): 16-22

Squamate reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Para, north of Brazil. Check List 7(3): 220-226

Squamatinia algharbica gen n sp n, a remarkable new Coletiniinae silverfish Zygentoma Nicoletiidae from caves in southern Portugal. Zootaxa 3260 (6 Apr): 33-46

Squat lobsters Crustacea Decapoda Galatheoidea and Chirostyloidea collected during the TALUD XIV cruise in the Gulf of California, Mexico, and rediscovery of Gastroptychus perarmatus Haig,; 1968 in the eastern Pacific. Zootaxa 3418 (10 Aug): 28-40

Squatina caillieti sp nov, a new species of angel shark Chondrichthyes Squatiniformes Squatinidae from the Philippine Islands. Zootaxa 2759 (7 Feb): 49-59

Squeaking: Current knowledge and how to avoid it. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine 6(4): 342-349

Squeezed at the top: Interspecific aggression may constrain elevational ranges in tropical birds. Ecology 91(7): 1877-1884

Squid as a resource shared by fish and humans on the Falkland Islands shelf. Fisheries Research (Amsterdam) 106. 2. (Nov)

Squirrel monkey cytomegalovirus antibodies in free-ranging black howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya), Misiones, Argentina. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48(2): 512-513

Squirrel monkeys' response to inequitable outcomes indicates a behavioural convergence within the primates. Biology Letters 7(5): 680-682

Src and PI3 K inhibitors affect the virulence factors of Entamoeba histolytica. Parasitology 140(2): 202-209

St Lawrence River-Great Lakes ecosystems an ecological overview. Hydrobiologia  647(1): 1-198. (Jun

Stability analysis The effect of prey refuge in predator-prey model. Ecological Modelling 247: 95-97

Stability and change in vocal dialects of the yellow-naped amazon. Animal Behaviour 76(3): 1017-1027

Stability and tightness evaluation of bedded rock salt formations for underground gas/oil storage. Acta Geotechnica 9(1): 161-179

Stability condition for the predator-free equilibrium point of predator-prey systems with a class of functional response. Ecological Modelling 216.3-4 (September 10): 415-416

Stability in the feeding ecology of four demersal fish predators in the US Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series: 239-250

Stability of AtVSP in the insect digestive canal determines its defensive capability. Journal of Insect Physiology 57(3): 391-399

Stability of ecological communities and the architecture of mutualistic and trophic networks. Science 329(5993): 853-856

Stability of fatty acid composition in seal blubber during long-term storage. Marine Ecology Progress Series 461: 283-291

Stability of partner choice among female baboons. Animal Behaviour 83(6): 1511-1518

Stability predicts genetic diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot. Science 323(5915): 785-789

Stabilization and swelling of hagfish slime mucin vesicles. Journal of Experimental Biology 213(Pt 7): 1092-1099

Stabilizing selection maintains exuberant colour polymorphism in the spider Theridion californicum (Araneae, Theridiidae). Molecular Ecology 20(2): 206-218

Stabilizing sexual selection for female ornaments in a dance fly. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25(7): 1233-1242

Stable isotope analysis provides new information on winter habitat use of declining avian migrants that is relevant to their conservation. Plos One 7(4): E34542-E34542

Stable isotope evidence for dietary overlap between alien and native gastropods in coastal lakes of northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Plos One 7(2): E31897-E31897

Stable Isotope Evidence for Late Medieval 14th-15th C Origins of the Eastern Baltic Cod Gadus morhua Fishery. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27568, 1-15

Stable Isotope Tracking of Endangered Sea Turtles Validation with Satellite Telemetry and delta15N Analysis of Amino Acids. PLoS ONE 7(5): e37403, 1-11

Stable Isotopes of Carbon and Nitrogen Indicate Differences in Marine Ecology between Wild and Hatchery-Produced Steelhead. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141(2): 526-532

Stable carbon and nitrogen incorporation in blood and fin tissue of the catfish Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus Siluriformes, Loricariidae. Environmental Biology of Fishes 89(2): 117-133

Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope enrichment in primate tissues. Oecologia 164(3): 611-626

Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope variations in canine dentine growth layers of Kerguelen southern elephant seals. Marine Ecology Progress Series 439: 295-305

Stable introduction of a life-shortening Wolbachia infection into the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Science 323(5910): 141-144

Stable isotope analyses as a tool to examine postlarval diets of haliotis discus hannai. Journal of Shellfish Research 29. 3. (Nov)

Stable isotope analyses of otoliths in identification of hatchery origin of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in Maine. Environmental Biology of Fishes 83(4): 429-437

Stable isotope analysis can potentially identify completely-digested bloodmeals in mosquitoes. Plos One 3(5): E2198-E2198

Stable isotope analysis in two sympatric populations of bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus evidence of resource partitioning?. Marine Biology (Berlin) 158(5): 1043-1055

Stable isotope analysis indicates trophic differences among forest floor carabids in Japan. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 135(3): 263-270

Stable isotope analysis of baleen reveals resource partitioning among sympatric rorquals and population structure in fin whales. Marine Ecology Progress Series 479: 251-261

Stable isotope analysis of fall migration stopover by six passerine species in an inland pitch pine-scrub oak barren. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123(3): 548-556

Stable isotope analysis of marine feeding signatures of Atlantic salmon in the North Atlantic. ICES Journal of Marine Science 67(1): 52-61

Stable isotope analysis of migratory connectivity in a threatened intra-African migrant, the Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea. Journal of Ornithology 152(1): 171-177

Stable isotope analysis reveals habitat partitioning among marine mammals off the NW African coast and unique trophic niches for two globally threatened species. Marine Ecology Progress Series 416: 295-306

Stable isotope analysis reveals migratory origin of loggerhead turtles in the Southern California Bight. Marine Ecology Progress Series 472: 275-285

Stable isotope analysis reveals sexual and environmental variability and individual consistency in foraging of thin-billed prions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 373 (December 23): 137-148

Stable isotope and fatty acid tracers in energy and nutrient studies of jellyfish a review. Hydrobiologia 616. (January)

Stable isotope and molecular analyses indicate that hybridization with non-native domesticated common carp influence habitat use of native carp. Oikos: 964-971

Stable isotope and scat analyses indicate diet and habitat partitioning in northern fur seals Callorhinus ursinus across the eastern Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series: 241-253

Stable isotope composition of the Miocene Dinaride Lake System deduced from its endemic mollusc fauna. Hydrobiologia 682(1): 27-46

Stable isotope delta13C and delta18O and Sr/Ca composition of otoliths as proxies for environmental salinity experienced by an estuarine fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series 349: 245-253

Stable isotope differences between sea lions Zalophus from the Gulf of California and Galapagos Islands. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6): 1410-1420

Stable isotope discrimination delta13C and delta15N between soft tissues of the green sea turtle Chelonia mydas and its diet. Marine Ecology Progress Series 308: 271-278

Stable isotope dynamics in elasmobranch fishes. Hydrobiologia 644(1): 231-244

Stable isotope ecology of fossil hippopotamids from the Lake Turkana Basin of east Africa. Journal of Zoology (London) 275(3): 323-331

Stable isotope enrichment delta15N and delta13C in a generalist predator Pardosa lugubris, Araneae Lycosidae Effects of prey quality. Oecologia (Berlin) 130(3): 337-344

Stable isotope evidence delta13C, delta18O for winter feeding on seaweed by Neolithic sheep of Scotland. Journal of Zoology (London) 270(1): 170-176

Stable isotope evidence of long-term changes in the North Sea food web structure. Marine Ecology Progress Series 368: 1-8

Stable isotope evidence of meat eating and hunting specialization in adult male chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(15): 5829-5833

Stable isotope methods the effect of gut contents on isotopic ratios of zooplankton. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 92.3 (May 1): 480-485

Stable isotope monitoring of benthic-planktonic coupling using salt marsh fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series 369: 193-204

Stable isotope profiles in whale shark Rhincodon typus suggest segregation and dissimilarities in the diet depending on sex and size. Environmental Biology of Fishes 92(4): 559-567

Stable isotope ratios and mercury levels in red meat products from baleen whales sold in Japanese markets. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 79: 35-41

Stable isotope ratios in hair and teeth reflect biologic rhythms. Plos One 2(7): E636-E636

Stable isotope series from elephant ivory reveal lifetime histories of a true dietary generalist. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 279(1737): 2433-2441

Stable isotope tracer reveals that viviparous snakes transport amino acids to offspring during gestation. Journal of Experimental Biology 215(Pt 5): 760-765

Stable isotope variability in a Chilean fjord food web implications for N- and C-cycles. Marine Ecology Progress Series 428: 89-104

Stable isotope variability of meso-zooplankton along a gradient of dissolved organic carbon. Freshwater Biology 54(8): 1705-1719

Stable isotope variation in loggerhead turtles reveals Pacific-Atlantic oceanographic differences. Marine Ecology Progress Series 417: 277-285

Stable isotope variation of a highly heterogeneous shallow freshwater system. Hydrobiologia 646. 1. (Jun)

Stable isotope-based determinations of the average temperatures experienced by young-of-the-year Svalbard Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus L. Polar Biology 34(4): 591-596

Stable isotopes and elasmobranchs: tissue types, methods, applications and assumptions. Journal of Fish Biology 80(5): 1449-1484

Stable isotopes and fatty acid signatures reveal age- and stage-dependent foraging niches in tufted puffins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 363: 287-298

Stable isotopes and trace elements as indicators of diet and habitat use in cetaceans predicting errors related to preservation, lipid extraction, and lipid normalization. Marine Ecology Progress Series 419: 249-265

Stable isotopes and trophic positions of littoral fishes from a Mediterranean marine protected area. Environmental Biology of Fishes 84(1): 13-25

Stable isotopes confirm a foraging dichotomy in juvenile loggerhead sea turtles. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology (May 15): 44-51

Stable isotopes data (delta13C, delta15N) from the cave bear (Ursus spelaeus): a new approach to its palaeoenvironment and dormancy. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 268(1472): 1159-1164

Stable isotopes (delta13C and delta15N) of organic matrix from coral skeleton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(5): 1525-1530

Stable isotopes delta13C, delta15N and modelling as tools to estimate the trophic ecology of cultivated oysters in two contrasting environments. Marine Biology (Berlin) 153(4): 673-688

Stable isotopes delta18O and delta13C in Spirula spirula shells from three major oceans indicate developmental changes paralleling depth distributions. Marine Biology (Berlin) 154(1): 175-182

Stable isotopes deltaD, delta13C, delta15N reveal associations among geographic location and condition of Alaskan northern pintails. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(3): 715-725

Stable isotopes document the trophic structure of a deep-sea cephalopod assemblage including giant octopod and giant squid. Biology Letters 5(3): 364-367

Stable isotopes document winter trophic ecology and maternal investment of adult female southern elephant seals Mirounga leonina breeding at the Kerguelen Islands. Marine Biology (Berlin) 155(4): 413-420

Stable isotopes evaluate exploitation of anthropogenic foods by the endangered San Joaquin kit fox Vulpes macrotis mutica. Journal of Mammalogy 91.6 (16 December): 1313-1321

Stable isotopes identify age- and sex-specific dietary partitioning and foraging habitat segregation in southern giant petrels breeding in Antarctica and southern Patagonia. Marine Biology (Berlin) 159(6): 1317-1326

Stable isotopes in mammalian research a beginners guide. Journal of Mammalogy 93(2): 312-328

Stable isotopes in ornithology a brief introduction. Ornitologia Neotropical, Suppl. (Supplement) 19

Stable isotopes in southern rockhopper penguins foraging areas and sexual differences in the non-breeding period. Polar Biology 34. 11. (Nov)

Stable isotopes of captive cetaceans (killer whales and bottlenose dolphins). Journal of Experimental Biology 214(Pt 4): 538-545

Stable isotopes provide independent support for the use of mesowear variables for inferring diets in African antelopes. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 279(1746): 4441-4446

Stable isotopes reveal Holocene changes in the diet of Adelie penguins in Northern Victoria Land Ross Sea, Antarctica. Oecologia (Berlin) 164(4): 911-919

Stable isotopes reveal a consistent consumer-diet relationship across hundreds of kilometres. Marine Ecology Progress Series 403: 53-61

Stable isotopes reveal age-dependent trophic level and spatial segregation during adult marine feeding in populations of salmon. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(9): 1637-1645

Stable isotopes reveal inter-annual and inter-individual variation in the diet of female Australian fur seals. Marine Ecology Progress Series 422: 291-302

Stable isotopes reveal life history polymorphism in the coastal fish Apogon notatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 362: 279-289

Stable isotopes reveal limitations in C and N assimilation in the Caribbean reef corals Madracis auretenra, M carmabi and M formosa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 412: 103-112

Stable isotopes reveal linkages between ocean climate, plankton community dynamics, and survival of two populations of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(5): 784-794

Stable isotopes reveal regional heterogeneity in the pre-breeding distribution and diets of sympatrically breeding Pygoscelis spp penguins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 421: 265-277

Stable isotopes reveal strategic allocation of resources during juvenile development in a cryptic and threatened seabird, the Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 89(9): 859-868

Stable isotopic records of bleaching and endolithic algae blooms in the skeleton of the boulder forming coral Montastraea faveolata. Coral Reefs 29(4): 1079-1089

Stable linkage disequilibrium owing to sexual antagonism. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 278(1707): 855-862

Stable nitrogen and carbon isotope discrimination between juveniles and adults in an income-breeding small mammal Peromyscus maniculatus. Mammalian Biology 76(5): 563-569

Stable nitrogen and carbon isotopes may not be good indicators of altitudinal distributions of montane passerines. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123(1): 33-47

Stable oxygen isotope differences between the areas to the north and south of Qinling Mountains in China reveal different moisture sources. International Journal of Climatology 34(6): 1760-1772

Stable oxygen isotope records of corals and a sclerosponge in the Western Pacific warm pool. Coral Reefs 29. 2. (Jun)

Stable reprogramming of brain transcription profiles by the early social environment in a cooperatively breeding fish. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 280(1753): 20122605-20122605

Stable structural color patterns displayed on transparent insect wings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(2): 668-673

Stable transgenesis in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii sheds new light on photoreceptor evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(1): 193-198

Stable trophic structure across coastal nekton assemblages despite high species turnover. Marine Ecology Progress Series 364: 135-146

Stable-isotope analysis of diets of short-tailed fruit bats Chiroptera Phyllostomidae Carollia. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6): 1469-1477

Stable-isotope comparisons between embryos and mothers of a placentatrophic shark species. Journal of Fish Biology 75(10): 2464-2474

Stachyops, a new nototanaid genus Crustacea Peracarida Tanaidacea from New Zealand, with remarks on nototanaid and tanaissuid phylogeny. Zootaxa 3572 (Dec 5): 1-10

Stag beetles in culture. Kunchong Zhishi 46(6): 978-984

Stage and species-specific expression of c-kit protein among nine grasshopper species during spermatogenesis. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 36(3): 493-501

Stage dependent influences of polydnaviruses and the parasitoid larva on host ecdysteroids. Journal of Insect Physiology 55(8): 707-715

Stage, age and individual stochasticity in demography. Oikos 118(12): 1763-1782

Stage-dependent differences in RNA composition and content affect the outcome of expression profiling in roach (Rutilus rutilus) ovary. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 159(2): 141-149

Stage-dependent physiological responses in a butterfly cause non-additive effects on phenology. Oikos 121(9): 1464-1472

Stage-dependent predation on competitors: consequences for the outcome of a mosquito invasion. Journal of Animal Ecology 78(5): 928-936

Stage-dependent tolerance of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica for dichlorvos and propoxur. Journal of Insect Science 10: 201-201

Stage-specific effects of candidate heterochronic genes on variation in developmental time along an altitudinal cline of Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS ONE 5(6): e11229

Stage-specific effects of population density on the development and fertility of the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus. Journal of Insect Science 10: 49-49

Stage-specific interactions between dominant consumers within a small stream ecosystem direct and indirect consequences. Freshwater Science 32(1): 183-192

Stage-specific predator species help each other to persist while competing for a single prey. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(37): 13930-5

Stage-structured transmission of phocine distemper virus in the Dutch 2002 outbreak. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 276(1666): 2469-2476

Staging of initial pepsinogen and chitinase expression and complete gastric gland development within the larval stomach of Japanese flounder, spotted halibut, seven-band grouper and greater; amberjack. Aquaculture 314.1-4 (Apr 4): 165-172

Staining of sturgeon spermatozoa with trypsin inhibitor from soybean, Alexa Fluorregistered trademark 488 conjugate for visualization of sturgeon acrosome. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 24. 4

Staining techniques and digital correction for microscopic preparations in biology and entomology. Boletin de la SEA 43 (30 noviembre): 525-548

Stalked barnacle Pollicipes pollicipes harvesting in the Berlengas Nature Reserve, Portugal temporal variation and validation of logbook data. ICES Journal of Marine Science 67(1): 19-25

Stalked crinoids Echinodermata collected by the R/V Polarstern and Meteor in the south Atlantic and in Antarctica. Zootaxa 3425 (16 Aug): 1-22

Stalked crinoids from Tasmanian seamounts Part 1 Hyocrinidae. Journal of Natural History 45.3-4: 137-170

Stand structure of a primate rich rainforest region in the central Western Ghats of southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa: 930-939

Standardisation of atlantic bigeye thunnus obesus cpue for by multifan-cl. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardisation of blue marlin cpue taking into account habitat compression. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardization and optimization of arthropod inventories-the case of Iberian spiders. Biodiversity and Conservation 18.14: 3949-3962

Standardization of CPUE data on the bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus, captured by Uruguayan pelagic fleet between 1981 and 2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardization of CPUE for the bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus with data obtained by observations from on board the longline fishing fleet of Uruguay 1998-2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardization of inter simple sequence repeat technique to estimate genetic variability of Ruditapes decussatus. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 18(1): 246-247

Standardized catch rates for bigeye tuna thunnus obesus from the azores baitboat fleet 1970-2008. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized catch rates for bigeye tuna thunnus obesus from the us pelagic longline fleet 1986-2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized catch rates for blue marlin makaira nigricans from the venezuelan pelagic longline fishery off the caribbean sea and the western central atlantic period 1991-2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized catch rates of bluefin tuna thunnus thynnus from the rod and reel/handline fishery off the northeast united states during 1980-2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized catch rates of large bluefin tuna thunnus thynnus from the us pelagic longline fishery in the gulf of mexico during 1987-2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized catch rates of swordfish xiphias gladius caught by the moroccan driftnet fleet in the mediterranean sea period 1999-2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized cpue by age of atlantic bluefin tuna thunnus thynnus caught by spanish traps for the period 1984- 2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized cpue of bigeye tuna of the japanese tuna longline fisheries operated in the atlantic ocean 1961-2008. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized cpue of bluefin tuna thunnus thynnus caught by spanish traps for the period 1981- 2009. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized cpue series of bigeye tuna, thunnus obesus, caught by brazilian tuna longline fisheries in the southwestern atlantic ocean 1980-2008. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standardized cpue series of blue marlim marlin caught by brazilian tuna longline fisheries in the southwestern atlantic ocean 1980-2008. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Collective Volume of Scientific Papers 66

Standing sedation in captive zebra (Equus grevyi and Equus burchellii). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43(1): 10-14

Staphopains modulate Staphylococcus aureus biofilm integrity. Infection and Immunity 81(9): 3227-3238

Starlings uphold principles of economic rationality for delay and probability of reward. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 280(1756): 20122386-20122386

Start/stop codon like trinucleotides extensions in primate alpha satellites. Journal of Theoretical Biology 317: 301-309

Starting from Crete, a phylogenetic re-analysis of the genus Reticulitermes in the Mediterranean area. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56(3): 1051-1058

Starting points for small mammal population recovery after wildfire recolonisation or residual populations?. Oikos 120(1): 26-37

Starting to unravel the toxoglossan knot: molecular phylogeny of the "turrids" (Neogastropoda: Conoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47(3): 1122-1134

Starvation and sandeel consumption in harbour porpoises in the Scottish North Sea. Biology Letters 3.5 (22 October): 535-536

Starvation lines in the feathers of young yellowhammers Emberiza citrenella ringing recovery of Hiddensee ringing centre, no5/2005. Ornithologische Mitteilungen 57(9): 301-302

Starvation physiology: reviewing the different strategies animals use to survive a common challenge. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 156(1): 1-18

Starvation reduces the heat shock protein responses in white sturgeon larvae. Environmental Biology of Fishes 93(3): 333-342

Starvation resistance in the first larval stage of two Pseudosesarma species Brachyura, Sesarmidae. Crustaceana (Leiden) 81(11): 1397-1402

Starving the competition: a proximate cause of reproductive skew in burying beetles (Nicrophorus vespilloides). Proceedings. Biological Sciences 275(1650): 2521-2528

Stasis and turnover in small shearwaters on Bermuda over the last 400 000 years Aves Procellariidae Puffinus lherminieri group. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 99(4): 699-707

State and use of Polar fox population in Yakutia. Izvestiya Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossiskaya Akademii Nauk, Suppl. (No 27) 11(1): 150-154

State dependent effects of elevated hormone: nest site quality, corticosterone levels and reproductive performance in the common eider. General and Comparative Endocrinology 172(2): 218-224

State monitoring of large predatory mammals populations in the southwest of Primorskyi Krai. Izvestiya Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossiskaya Akademii Nauk, Suppl. (No 27) 11(1): 124-128

State of Gene Flow between Captive Giant Pandas Populations. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 29.3 (May 28): 333-339

State of biological resources in the Italian seas Yearbook 2008. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, Suppl. (suppl 3) 17: 1-207

State of emergency: behavior of gerbils is affected by the hunger state of their predators. Ecology 91(2): 593-600

State of knowledge of coastal and marine biodiversity of Indian Ocean countries. Plos One 6(1): E14613-E14613

State of reference of benthic macrofauna of Djendjen port eastern Algeria. Rapport du Congress de la CIESM 36

State of the art of the free-living marine Monhysteridae Nematoda. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 88(7): 1371-1390

State of the population of wattled currasow Crax globulosa in the Lower Caqueta river, Colombian Amazonia. Ornitologia Neotropical 19(3): 371-376

State-Dependent Migration Timing and Use of Multiple Habitat Types in Anadromous Salmonids. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141(3): 781-794

State-and-Transition Models for Assessing Grasshopper Sparrow Habitat Use. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(8): 1834-1840

State-dependency of host-seeking in Rhodnius prolixus: the post-ecdysis time. Journal of Insect Physiology 55(6): 574-579

State-dependent Bayesian foraging on spatially autocorrelated food distributions. Oikos 119(2): 237-244

State-dependent physiological maintenance in a long-lived ectotherm, the painted turtle (Chrysemys picta). Journal of Experimental Biology 214(Pt 1): 88-97

State-space methods for more completely capturing behavioral dynamics from animal tracks. Ecological Modelling 235 (Jun 24): 49-58

Static allometry and animal genitalia. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 63(1): 48-66

Static and dynamic hypergravity responses of osteoblasts and osteoclasts in medaka scales. Zoological Science 30(3): 217-223

Static and dynamic expression of life history traits in the northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis. Oikos 120(3): 369-380

Static inflation and deflation pressure-volume curves from excised lungs of marine mammals. Journal of Experimental Biology 214(Pt 22): 3822-3828

Statistical Parsimony Networks and Species Assemblages in Cephalotrichid Nemerteans Nemertea. PLoS ONE 5(9): e12885

Statistical analysis of animal observations and associated marks distributed in time using Ripleys functions. Animal Behaviour 80(2): 329-337

Statistical and Prosodic Cues for Song Segmentation Learning by Bengalese Finches Lonchura striata var domestica. Ethology 116(6): 481-489

Statistical and computational challenges in molecular phylogenetics and evolution. Royal Society Philosophical Transactions Biological Sciences  363.1512: 3889-4047. (December 27

Statistical catch-at-age analysis vs ADAPT-VPA the case of Gulf of Maine cod. ICES Journal of Marine Science 65(9): 1717-1732

Statistical distribution of age readings of known-age sablefish Anoplopoma fimbria. Fisheries Research (Amsterdam) 131-133: 1-8

Statistical estimation of cell-cycle progression and lineage commitment in Plasmodium falciparum reveals a homogeneous pattern of transcription in ex vivo culture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(18): 7559-7564

Statistical method for comparing the level of intracellular organization between cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(11): E1006-E1015

Statistical modeling of baleen and body length at age in bowhead whales Balaena mysticetus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 90(8): 915-931

Statistical models for monitoring and predicting effects of climate change and invasion on the free-living insects and a spider from sub-Antarctic Heard Island. Polar Biology 34(1): 119-125

Statistical models for spatially explicit biological data. Parasitology 139(14): 1852-1869

Statistical models to standardize catch rates in the multi-species trawl fishery for Patagonian grenadier Macruronus magellanicus off Southern Chile. Fisheries Research (Amsterdam) 105(3): 200-214

Statistical parametric mapping of the regional distribution and ontogenetic scaling of foot pressures during walking in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Journal of Experimental Biology 215(Pt 9): 1584-1593

Statistical power and sea turtle nesting beach surveys how long and when?. Biological Conservation 141(12): 2921-2931

Statistical power for detecting genetic divergence-organelle versus nuclear markers. Conservation Genetics 10(5): 1255-1264

Statistical properties and performance of pairwise relatedness estimators using turbot Scophthalmus maximus L family data. Aquaculture Research 41.4 (Mar 17): 528-534

Statistical regularities in injury of walking limbs of the red king crab Paralithodes camtschaticus in the region of its introduction the Barents Sea. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 87(6): 650-657

Statistics and analysis of bird specimens in Hebei University museum. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 27.5 (September 30): 958-960