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Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase. Purification and properties of the enzyme from Fusarium oxysporum

, : Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase. Purification and properties of the enzyme from Fusarium oxysporum. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 523(2): 283-296

The hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (mevalonate:NADP+ oxidoreductase, EC system in Fusarium oxysporum, a soil inhabiting plant pathogen, has been examined. Two forms of the enzyme catalyzing the conversion of hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A were obtained in the supernatant after precipitation at 75% (NH4)2SO4 saturation of the soluble culture extract which was previously separated from cell wall, mitochondria and microsomes. The two forms of the enzyme were separated electrophoretically. A third form, contained in the precipitate obtained at 35--75% (NH4)2SO4 saturation of the same extract, was further purified by Sephadex G-50 column chromatography. This purified form moved as a single band in sodium dodecyl sulphate electrophoresis and in immunological tests and has a molecular weight of 11 000. The apparent Michaelis constant for the substrate hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A is 21 micron at 2 micron NADP. NADPH is a more efficient reductant on a molar basis than NADH for the deacylation of the hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A substrate. Optimum activity of the enzyme was obtained at pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C. The enzyme demonstrated no cold sensitivity but rather was more stable at 4 degrees C than at 25 degrees C. The protection with dithiothreitol, though minimal compared to other systems, was more effective at the higher temperature.


PMID: 26407

Other references

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