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A case of progressive systemic sclerosis complicated by crescentic glomerulonephritis and diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage

, : A case of progressive systemic sclerosis complicated by crescentic glomerulonephritis and diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage. Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi 34(7): 827-833

A 38-year-old man was hospitalized for proteinuria, and pitting edema. He had noticed Raynaud's phenomenon at about age fifteen. One month prior to admission, his urine contained protein and the serum creatinine was 3.0 mg/dl. On admission, sclerodactylia, digital pitting scar of fingertips, digital bone absorption and pulmonary fibrosis were observed and a diagnosis of progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) was made. Laboratory investigations revealed: 24-hour urine protein excretion 3 g; serum creatinine 5.6 mg/dl; creatinine clearance 13.5 ml/min; antinuclear factor strongly positive in a speckled pattern; antibodies to nRNP positive with a titer of 1: 20, 480; antibodies to DNA, Sm, SS-A, SS-B, Scl-70, centromere and Jo-1 negative; serum complement normal. A renal biopsy revealed focal and segmental necrotizing glomerulonephritis with 70% crescents but no vascular changes. Circulating antiglomerular basement membrane antibodies were negative. Immunofluorescence disclosed granular deposits of IgM and C3 in the mesangium and along the capillary walls. Treatment was begun with methylprednisolone pulse therapy. After 5 month, serum creatine and creatinine clearance were 1.9 mg/dl and 35 ml/min, respectively. A year after the discharge, he was readmitted for hemoptysis and worsening of proteinuria and microhematuria. A chest radiograph demonstrated bilateral alveolar consolidation. Serum creatinine was elevated to 3.5 mg/dl. The continuous hemoptysis resulted in a severe dyspnea associated with a rapid fall in the hemoglobin. On the fourth hospital day, the PaO2 was 41 Torr on oxygen by mask that necessitated mechanical ventilation and pulse therapy was started. However, the patient died on the ninth hospital day of respiratory failure due to pulmonary hemorrhage.


PMID: 1479723

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