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A monoclonal anti-glycophorin A antibody recognizing the blood group M determinant: studies on the subspecificity

, : A monoclonal anti-glycophorin A antibody recognizing the blood group M determinant: studies on the subspecificity. Molecular Immunology 24(6): 605-613

A mouse monoclonal antibody (425/2B, IgM) was obtained which shows specificity for blood group M determinant of glycophorin A. The antibody is pH-dependent. At pH 6-7 it reacted strongly with blood group M antigen, but also cross-reacted distinctly with N antigen. At pH 8.3 the antibody showed moderately decreased reactivity with M antigen, but no interaction with N antigen was detectable by hemagglutination, immunoblotting, or microplate ELISA. The direct binding studies and inhibition of 425/B antibody by untreated or modified blood group M and N glycoproteins or tryptic glycopeptides showed that the binding to the antigens was not affected by acetylation of their amino groups, or removal of amino-terminal amino acid residue. Desialylation of the antigens decreased their reactivity with the antibody and this effect was distinctly stronger at pH 7 than 8.3. The antibody reacted strongly at pH 7 and 8.3 with glycophorin B of Henshaw phenotype, whereas its reactivity with normal glycophorin B was weak or undetectable at these pH values, respectively. The results obtained indicated that anti-M specificity of 425/2B antibody is related to the 5th amino acid residue of glycophorin A (anti-Mgly specificity) and that pH shift from 7 to 8.3 changes the fine specificity of the antibody. At pH 8.3 the reactivity of the antibody is more dependent on glycine residue (higher anti-M specificity) and less dependent on sialic acid residues in the antigen.


PMID: 2443838

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