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Asymmetric membrane expansion and modification of active and passive cation permeability of human red cells by the fluorescent probe 1-anilino-8-napththalene sulfonate

, : Asymmetric membrane expansion and modification of active and passive cation permeability of human red cells by the fluorescent probe 1-anilino-8-napththalene sulfonate. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 413(1): 65-78

1. The membrane perturbations induced by the interaction of the fluorescent probe 1-anilino-8-naphthalene sulfonate (ANS) with human red blood cells were studied. 2. ANS below 0.5 mM inhibits partially (20% maximum) the ouabain-insensitive Na+ and K+ influx and efflux. Above 0.5 mM ANS increases both Na+ and K+ leak fluxes. The increased cation leaks are larger for Na+ than K+. 3. The (Na+ +K+)-ATPase and ouabain-sensitive Na+ and K+ fluxes are inhibited by ANS. Ouabain-insensitive, Mg2+-dependent ATPase activity of ghosts is stimulated by [ANS] less than 0.3 mM and inhibited by [ANS] greater than 0.3 mM. 4. ANS also inhibits the Na+-dependent, ouabain-insensitive K+ influx that is inhibited by ethacrynic acid and furosemide. 5. Red cells become crenated with [ANS] less than 1 mM and sphere at [ANS] greater than 1 mM. In the former conditions hypotonic hemolysis is decreased whereas the latter increase osmotic fragility. 6. It is suggested that ANS expands the membrane asymmetrically by binding preferentially to the external membrane surface. 7. It is concluded that ANS is a general inhibitor of ion transport, particularly of those processes thought to involve facilitated-diffusion mechanisms. The increased cation leaks observed at high ANS concentrations may be related to prehemolytic membrane disruption. 8. The membrane perturbations caused by ANS are compared to those caused by other reversible inhibitors of anion exchange in red blood cells. Their possible modes of action are discussed.


PMID: 127620

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