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Biosynthesis of rat liver pI-6.1 esterase, a carboxylesterase of the cisternal space of the endoplasmic reticulum

, : Biosynthesis of rat liver pI-6.1 esterase, a carboxylesterase of the cisternal space of the endoplasmic reticulum. Biochemical Journal 248(2): 545-550

Biosynthesis of the rat liver microsomal esterase with pI 6.1 was investigated in cell-free systems and in cultured hepatocytes, by using a rabbit antiserum. Protein synthesis directed by total rat liver RNA in wheatgerm extract or reticulocyte lysate generated a single immunoprecipitable product, also found with the RNA extracted from bound, but not from free, polysomes. When dog pancreas microsomal fractions were included, reticulocyte lysates gave two processed products, a prominent one slightly larger, and another slightly smaller, than the precursor, both resistant to exogenous proteinases and, hence, segregated within vesicles. The processing was co-translational; it consisted of the removal of a peptide fragment and, for the large component, the addition of a single oligosaccharide chain. Indeed, this component bound to concanavalin A-Sepharose and gave the small one (approximately 2000 Mr loss) by cleavage with endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase H (endo-H). A single labelled peptide was precipitated from hepatocytes incubated with [35S]methionine. Its apparent Mr was decreased by approximately 2000 after treatment with endo-H; it was then identical with that of an unglycosylated form produced in hepatocytes poisoned with tunicamycin. Even in that case, immunoreactive peptides were not detected in the culture medium. Whether synthesized in reticulocyte lysate or in hepatocytes, the glycosylated forms migrated in SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis as the purified enzyme labelled with [3H]di-isopropyl fluorophosphate. Thus, although pI-6.1 esterase is not secreted, its biosynthesis is, as yet, indistinguishable from that of secretory proteins. Its oligosaccharide moiety is apparently not the structural element that retains it in the endoplasmic reticulum.


PMID: 3435465

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