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Biphasic activation of cytosolic free calcium and LH responses by gonadotropin-releasing hormone

, : Biphasic activation of cytosolic free calcium and LH responses by gonadotropin-releasing hormone. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 154(1): 398-403

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulates rapid peak increases in [Ca2+]i and LH release, followed by lower but sustained elevations of both [Ca2+]i and hormone secretion. Omission of extracellular Ca2+ only slightly decreased the peak of [Ca2+]i, but reduced the peak LH response by 40% and prevented the prolonged increases in [Ca2+]i and LH release. Dihydropyridine calcium antagonists did not affect the peak [Ca2+]i and LH responses, but reduced the sustained increases by up to 50%. Whereas GnRH-induced mobilization of intracellular calcium initiates the LH peak, and Ca2+ entry through dihydropyridine-insensitive channels contributes to the peak and plateau phases of LH release, dihydropyridine-sensitive L-type Ca2+ channels participate only in the sustained phase of gonadotropin secretion.


PMID: 3293565

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