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Blood flow changes in the dental pulp of the cat and rat measured simultaneously by laser Doppler flowmetry and local 125I clearance


, : Blood flow changes in the dental pulp of the cat and rat measured simultaneously by laser Doppler flowmetry and local 125I clearance. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 131(1): 81-91

Blood flow changes in the dental pulp of lower canine teeth of mature cats and incisors of mature rats were investigated with simultaneous laser Doppler flowmetry and local 125I-clearance (wash-out) during electrical sympathetic stimulation, efferent stimulation of n. alveolaris inferior (IAN) (cats) and i.a. infusions of substance P (SP) (cats). Stimulation (1-4 Hz, 4 V., 1.5 ms) of the cervical sympathetic trunk produced frequency-dependent decreases in both laser Doppler output and disappearance rate of iodine tracer from the dental pulp. For the effects of sympathetic stimulation, the correlation (r2) between the results obtained by the two methods was 0.89 (12 observations, six animals). Blood flow measurements by both methods were increased following i.a. infusions of SP (r2 = 0.64, six observations, three animals). However, upon stimulation of IAN (10 Hz 10 V, 5 ms) the laser Doppler flow values showed an increase while the local 125I clearance rate was unaffected or even decreased. The discrepancy between the results obtained following IAN stimulation indicates that the two methods reflect blood flow changes in different parts of the pulpal vascular bed and that the flow is unevenly distributed to these parts during antidromic IAN stimulation. The laser Doppler flowmetry seems to reflect the total blood flow in the coronal pulp and therefore this non-invasive method may be useful for monitoring blood flow changes in the tooth.

US$19.90

PMID: 2445173

DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1987.tb08208.x


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