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Characterization of the in vivo and in vitro inhibition of gastrin secretion from gastrinoma by a somatostatin analogue (SMS 201-995)


, : Characterization of the in vivo and in vitro inhibition of gastrin secretion from gastrinoma by a somatostatin analogue (SMS 201-995). American Journal of Medicine 81(6b): 56-64

Earlier experiments characterized the effect of SMS 201-995 on gastrin secretion from gastrinoma in vivo. The results showed that the somatostatin analogue inhibits basal as well as secretin- and calcium-stimulated gastrin secretion. The current study examined the effect of SMS 201-995 on gastrin secretion from gastrinoma in vitro. Gastrinoma cells were prepared in cell culture or acute cell dispersion to study basal gastrin release. In cell culture, SMS 201-995 at 10(-9) M, 10(-8) M, and 10(-7) M significantly stimulated gastrin secretion (basal medium gastrin, 157 +/- 7.9 pg/ml; with SMS 201-995 10(-9) M, 786 +/- 62 pg/ml; with SMS 201-995 10(-8) M, 569 +/- 72 pg/ml; and with SMS 201-995 10(-7) M, 258 +/- 26 pg/ml). In contrast, in acute cell dispersion, the somatostatin analogue inhibited gastrin secretion (basal medium gastrin, 12.8 +/- 1.3 ng/ml; with SMS 201-995 10(-9) M, 9.0 +/- 0.1 ng/ml; with SMS 201-995 10(-8) M, 8.4 +/- 1.5 ng/ml; and with SMS 201-995 10(-7) M, 7.9 +/- 0.2 ng/ml). Gastrinoma cells were prepared in cell culture to study the effect of SMS 201-995 on gastrin secretion stimulated by secretin and by post-receptor increases in adenosine cyclic nucleotide. The somatostatin analogue inhibited gastrin secretion stimulated by secretin (10(-6) M) (797 +/- 48 pg/ml for secretin alone, compared with 396 +/- 9.4 pg/ml for secretin plus SMS 201-995). SMS 201-995 did not inhibit gastrin secretion stimulated by dibutyryl cyclic AMP (10(-7) M) (617 +/- 62 pg/ml for dibutyryl cyclic AMP alone, compared with 778 +/- 55 pg/ml for the two together). In vitro, SMS 201-995 inhibits basal gastrin secretion from gastrinoma prepared in acute cell dispersion, but not gastrinoma in cell culture, probably due to differences in basal secretory rates. The effect in vitro is less than that in vivo. SMS 201-995 does not inhibit postreceptor increases in adenosine nucleotide. This indirectly supports the hypothesis that SMS 201-995 acts in gastrinoma cells to inhibit gastrin secretion by inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity.

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PMID: 2879448


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