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Cholesterol--a marker for multiple risk factors? A comparison between coronary disease and coronary health

, : Cholesterol--a marker for multiple risk factors? A comparison between coronary disease and coronary health. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 117(37): 1390-1393

Comparison was made in a cross-sectional study between 658 patients in whom coronary arteriography had shown (n = 304) or excluded coronary artery disease (CHD) (n = 354) and a clinically healthy group as controls (n = 1658), to assess possible risk factors. Patients aged 31-40 years with CHD had the highest total cholesterol levels (286 +/- 43 mg/dl) and the highest number of risk factors (3.6 +/- 0.9) compared to patients without CHD of the same age (204 +/- 30 mg/dl; 2.0 +/- 0.5) and healthy controls (216 +/- 45 mg/dl; 1.7 +/- 0.5) (P less than 0.001). In older patients with CHD, total cholesterol levels were lower (age group 61-70 years: 231 +/- 49 mg/dl), reaching about the same level as that of patients without CHD (232 +/- 54 mg/dl) or healthy controls of the same age (228 +/- 55 mg/dl). Furthermore, it was demonstrated that increased total cholesterol concentration can indicate the presence of other risk factors. It would thus appear that the level of total cholesterol in patients with CHD is decisively influenced by age and the presence of other risk factors.


PMID: 1516537

DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1062455

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