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Comparative structural analysis of HLA-A3 antigens distinguishable by cytotoxic T lymphocytes: variant E1

, : Comparative structural analysis of HLA-A3 antigens distinguishable by cytotoxic T lymphocytes: variant E1. Journal of Immunology 134(1): 410-416

Influenza-specific cytotoxic T cells restricted by HLA-A3 recognize differences between HLA-A3 antigens that are serologically indistinguishable. To examine whether this differential recognition had a structural basis, we have compared the structures of HLA-A3 molecules from Epstein Barr virus-transformed peripheral blood lymphocytes of two individuals, E1 and M17. M17 was representative of the majority of HLA-A3-bearing individuals, whereas E1 was a variant distinguished by cytotoxic T cells. Peptide map comparisons revealed a small number of differences when particular amino acids were used to radiolabel the A3 molecules. Sequence analysis and comparison of the results with the prototypic HLA-A3 sequence localized the variability to a tryptic peptide spanning residues 147-157. To obtain the complete amino acid sequence for the E1 and M17 A3 molecules in the 147-157 region, the CNBr fragments beginning at residue 139 were isolated and sequenced. Two amino acid differences were detected between the HLA-A3 molecule of the CTL-defined variant E1 and that of M17. At position 152, Glu in donor M17 had changed to Va1 in donor E1, and at position 156, Leu in donor M17 had changed to Gln in donor E1. The finding that A3 molecules from E1 are altered in the region between residues 147 and 157 is consistent with studies on HLA-A2 variants and Kb mutants showing that this region of class I molecules is important for CTL recognition but not for recognition by serologic reagents.


PMID: 3871112

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