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Corticotropin-independent effect of ovine corticotropin-releasing hormone on cortisol release in man


, : Corticotropin-independent effect of ovine corticotropin-releasing hormone on cortisol release in man. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 303(4): 217-221

The effect of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), independent of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), was evaluated in nine healthy individuals. Cortisol release and corresponding ACTH production were determined after separate intravenous administration of ovine-CRH (1 micrograms/kg BW) and insulin inducing hypoglycemia (0.1 u/kg BW). Adrenocorticotropin hormone (1-24; 250 micrograms intravenous bolus) revealed an adequate adrenal reserve capacity in all subjects. At the time of peak cortisol response following CRH and insulin administration, IR-cortisol increments were 14 +/- 1 micrograms/dl and 9 +/- 1 micrograms/dl (mean +/- SE), respectively (p less than .05); whereas ACTH (IR-ACTH) increments were 40 +/- 10 ng/l and 53 +/- 14 ng/l, respectively. The cortisol increment/ACTH increment ratios were 0.53 +/- 0.09 and 0/36 +/- 0.09, respectively (p less than 0.05), suggesting an ACTH-independent effect of CRH on cortisol production. The authors speculate that CRH may have a direct effect on the human adrenal gland or it may release ACTH-like factors that stimulate the human adrenal cortex.

US$29.90

PMID: 1314020


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