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Effect of anisotonic media on volume, ion and amino-acid content and membrane potential of kidney cells (MDCK) in culture

, : Effect of anisotonic media on volume, ion and amino-acid content and membrane potential of kidney cells (MDCK) in culture. Journal of Membrane Biology 100(1): 83-96

Effects of anisotonic media on a monolayer of confluent kidney cells in culture (MDCK) were studied by measuring: cell thickness and cross-section changes, ion and amino-acid content and membrane potential. The volume was also determined with cells in suspension. When cells in a monolayer were incubated in hypotonic media, the lateral and the apical membranes were rapidly stretched. Afterwards the lateral membranes returned to their initial state while the apical membranes remained stretched. This partial regulatory volume decrease (RVD) was verified with cells in suspension. RVD was accompanied by a loss of K+, Cl- and amino acids, but there was no loss of inorganic phosphate. Also a transient hyperpolarization of the membrane potential was observed, suggesting an increase of the K+ conductance during RVD. Upon restoring the isotonic medium, a regulatory volume increase (RVI) was observed accompanied by a rapid Na+ and Cl- increase and followed by a slow recovery of the initial K+ and Na+ content while amino acids remained at their reduced content. A transient depolarization of the membrane potential was measured during this RVI, suggesting that Na+ and Cl- conductance could have increased. In hypertonic media, only a small and slow RVI was observed accompanied by an increase in K+ and Cl- content but without any change of membrane potential. Quinine partly inhibited RVD in hypotonic media with cells in a monolayer while inhibiting RVD completely with cells in suspension. Incubation during four hours in a Ca2+ free medium had no effect on RVD. Furosemide and amiloride had no effect on RVD and RVI. Volume regulation, RVD or RVI, was not affected by replacing Cl- by nitrate. When cells in a monolayer were incubated in a hypotonic K2SO4 medium, no RVD was observed. From these results, it seems that MDCK cells in a confluent monolayer regulate their volume by activating specific ion and amino-acid transport pathways. Selective K+ and Na+ conductances are activated during RVD and RVI, while the activated anion conductance has a low selectivity. The controlling mechanism might not be the free intracellular Ca2+ concentration.


PMID: 3430568

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