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Effects of recombinant human extracellular-superoxide dismutase type C on myocardial reperfusion injury in isolated cold-arrested rat hearts


, : Effects of recombinant human extracellular-superoxide dismutase type C on myocardial reperfusion injury in isolated cold-arrested rat hearts. Free Radical Biology & Medicine 13(2): 137-142

The efficacy of recombinant human extracellular-superoxide dismutase type C (EC-SOD C) on myocardial reperfusion injury was explored in hypothermically arrested rat hearts, as was its site of action. Forty isolated working rat hearts were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia followed by 30 min of reperfusion. The hearts were arrested by the administration of 10 mL of cold perfusate at the onset of ischemia. At the same time, they were randomly assigned to one of five groups; A: cold perfusate only; B: cold perfusate + EC-SOD C 10.4 mg/L (30,000 U/L); C: cold perfusate+bovine CuZn-SOD 7.5 mg/L (30,000 U/L); D: cold perfusate + EC-SOD C 10.4 mg/L + heparin 50,000U/L; E: cold perfusate + heparin 50,000 U/L. Heparin was given to prevent binding of EC-SOD C to endothelial cell surfaces. Left ventricular function was studied before ischemia and at the end of reperfusion. Percent recovery of maximal left ventricular dP/dt after reperfusion was more pronounced in group B (109 +/- 24%; p less than .05) than in groups A (42 +/- 40%), C (47 +/- 36%), D (44 +/- 33%) and E (58 +/- 25%). Likewise, percent recovery of the double product (heart rate x systolic left ventricular pressure) was better in group B (104 +/- 18%; p less than .05) than in the other groups (A: 47 +/- 37%, C: 49 +/- 36%, D: 50 +/- 35%, E: 69 +/- 31%). Compared to the preischemic level, creatine kinase increased significantly in the coronary effluent after reperfusion in groups A, C, D, and E, but not in group B. The results suggest that EC-SOD C, which attaches to the endothelial cell surfaces, might be particularly effective as protection against myocardial reperfusion injury when given together with cardioplegic solution.

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PMID: 1516840


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