geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli diarrhea of travelers: a prospective study of American Peace Corps volunteers


, : Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli diarrhea of travelers: a prospective study of American Peace Corps volunteers. Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 141(2): 63-70

Travelers' diarrhea was studied prospectively in a group of 39 American Peace Corps Volunteers (PCVs) during their first five weeks in Kenya. Twenty-seven developed diarrheal disease and 12 remained well. Multiple episodes were documented in 11 of the symptomatic volunteers. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli of many serotypes producing heat-labile and/or heat-stable enterotoxin were isolated from 17 of the 27 volunteers with diarrhea and from 1 of the 12 well volunteers. The enterotoxigenic E. coli were more likely to be antibiotic sensitive than the non-enterotoxigenic E. coli. A serum antibody rise to the heat-labile toxin (LT) was detected in six symptomatic volunteers, five of whom had a positive culture for LT-producing E. coli, and from one asymptomatic, culture negative volunteer. Salmonella cubana was isolated from two volunteers, and three volunteers had serologic evidence of infection with human reovirus-like (rotavirus) agent. This study confirms the role of enterotoxigenic E. coli as a major cause of travelers' diarrhea and suggests that the disease is similar in widely separated geographic areas.

US$29.90

PMID: 196131


Other references

Laszt, L., 1938: Die Resorption der Aminosauren aus dem Darm nach Nebennierenexstirpation. The resorption of various animoacids was measured on ligated intestinal loops of narcotized rats. The resorption velocity of the tested aminoacids was found to be in the following order: glycocoll, serine, alanine, isoleucine, valine. The resorpti...

Delaux, P-Marc.; Radhakrishnan, G.; Oldroyd, G., 2016: Tracing the evolutionary path to nitrogen-fixing crops. Nitrogen-fixing symbioses between plants and bacteria are restricted to a few plant lineages. The plant partner benefits from these associations by gaining access to the pool of atmospheric nitrogen. By contrast, other plant species, including all...

Mccormick, T.S.; Takahara, M.; Ramirez, H.M.; Liu, L.; Jones, B.; Nadeau, J.; Gettings, S.; Traudt, M.; Stevens, S.R.; Cooper, K.D., 2002: Cluster analysis of gene array-based time course and dose-response of in vivo human skin to simulated solar radiation. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 119(1): 265, July

Dean N.M.; Boynton A.L., 1990: Angiotensin ii causes phosphatidylinositol turnover calcium signalling and 1 2 diacylglycerol accumulation but is not mitogenic in rat liver t51b cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry Supplement (14 PART B): 256

Bovet J., 1967: Contribution to the morphology and the biology of diplozoon paradoxum. Bulletin de la Societe Neuchateloise des Sciences Naturelles 90: 63-159

Rest, R.F.; Robertson, D.C., 1975: Characterization of the electron transport system in Brucella abortus. Spectral studies of membrane preparations indicated the presence of cytochromes a+a3 (maxima at 612 nm), cytochrome b (maxima at 560, 530, and 428 nm), cytochrome c (maxima at 552 and 522 nm), cytochrome o (maxima of carbon monoxide complex at 418...

Taguchi, T.; Tomoeda, M., 1956: Studies in stereochemistry. X. dl-Phenylserinols: a new synthesis and its stereochemical findings. III. Ring opening of dl-threo-2-phenyl-4-phenyl-hydroxymethyl-delta2-oxazoline in basic media. Pharmaceutical Bulletin 4(6): 473-476

Kovach, A.; Takacs, L.; Kiss, S., 1956: Carbohydrate metabolism in shock. VI. Amylase degradation of glycogen in the musculature. Kiserletes Orvostudomany 8(3): 268-276

Liebgott, B., 1988: Clinical anatomy. The parotid gland. University of Toronto Dental Journal 2(1): 27-29

Giuseppe Nisticò; Spiros Patsourakos; Volker Bothmer; Gaetano Zimbardo, 2011: Determination of temperature maps of EUV coronal hole jets. Coronal hole jets are fast ejections of plasma occuring within coronal holes, observed at Extreme-UltraViolet (EUV) and X-Ray wavelenghts. Recent observations of jets by the STEREO and Hinode missions show that they are transient phenomena which o...