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Expression of asialo GM1 and other antigens and glycolipids on natural killer cells and spleen leukocytes in virus-infected mice


, : Expression of asialo GM1 and other antigens and glycolipids on natural killer cells and spleen leukocytes in virus-infected mice. Natural Immunity and Cell Growth Regulation 4(1): 21-39

The sensitivities of mouse natural killer (NK) cells to various antisera and complement were analyzed at different time points after acute lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection. Under these conditions NK cell activity peaks 3 days and virus-specific cytotoxic T cell activity 7 days after infection. The sensitivity of the cytotoxic activities to antibodies to asialo GM1 (AGM1), NK 1.2 alloantigen, and Ly 5 was in the order endogenous NK greater than day 3 NK greater than day 7 NK. Day 7 cytotoxic T cells were more resistant than day 7 NK to anti-AGM1 and to anti-NK 1.2, but more sensitive to anti-Ly 5. This decreased sensitivity of activated NK cells to antibodies and C' was examined in more detail for the AGM1 antigen. Antibody to AGM1 completely depleted NK cell activity in control, but not in day 3 lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infected mice. However, mice treated before infection with antibody did not generate NK cell activity 3 days after infection. The mechanisms of the decreased sensitivity of activated NK cells to antibody to AGM1 was examined. High levels of antibody depleted activity, indicating that the effectors were not devoid of AGM1. Biochemical analyses of spleen leukocytes revealed marked increases in sialic acid, gangliosides, and neutral glycosphingolipids, including AGM1 in the order day 7 greater than day 3 greater than endogenous. Antibody to AGM1 was absorbed out by leukocytes in the order day 7 greater than day 3 greater than endogenous. Flow cytometry (FACS) analyses revealed marked shifts in the frequency and intensity of staining of cells with antibody to AGM1 in the order day 7 greater than day 3 greater than endogenous. All endogenous NK cell activity and all the large granular lymphocytes were associated with the brightest 5% of the total spleen leukocyte population. Day 3 and day 7 NK cell activity was also located in cells sorted by using the gate settings for the top 5% endogenous cells. However, there were marked increases in the number of the very bright cells in the order day 3 greater than day 7 greater than endogenous. These cell numbers correlate with the level of NK cell activity in these fractions. Thus, the decreased sensitivity of activated NK cells to antibody to AGM1 is not due to decreased expression of AGM1 on NK cells, but to a competition for antibody by greatly increased levels of AGM1 in infected spleen leukocytes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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PMID: 3875791


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