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Foodborne disease outbreaks of chemical etiology in Thailand, 1981-1987

, : Foodborne disease outbreaks of chemical etiology in Thailand, 1981-1987. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 20(1): 125-132

A study was conducted to determine the current situation of chemical foodborne outbreaks in Thailand for the period 1981-1987. Seventy-three outbreaks of chemical poisoning involving 1236 persons of whom 54 died were reported. Twenty outbreaks affecting 722 cases were caused by insecticide poisoning and methomyl was the most commonly recognized insecticide involved. Poisonous plants were responsible for 43 outbreaks with 420 cases. Mushroom poisoning was the most common entity (21 outbreaks, 211 cases), with plant seed poisoning next (9 outbreaks, 179 cases). There were 8 outbreaks following consumption of poisonous seafoods. Mussels were identified to be the vector in the outbreak of PSP. Horseshoe crabs which served as the vehicles for 4 outbreaks were also suspected to be associated with PSP. Puffer fish accounted for the remaining 3 outbreaks involving 6 cases of tetradotoxin poisoning. More complete reporting and more effort in outbreak investigations are needed for appropriate preventive and control measures.


PMID: 2772698

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