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Functional analysis of the Shiga toxin and Shiga-like toxin type II variant binding subunits by using site-directed mutagenesis

, : Functional analysis of the Shiga toxin and Shiga-like toxin type II variant binding subunits by using site-directed mutagenesis. Journal of Bacteriology 172(2): 653-658

The B subunit of Shiga toxin and the Shiga-like toxins (SLTs) mediates receptor binding, cytotoxic specificity, and extracellular localization of the holotoxin. While the functional receptor for Shiga toxin, SLT type I (SLT-I), and SLT-II is the glycolipid designated Gb3, SLT-II variant (SLT-IIv) may use a different glycolipid receptor. To identify the domains responsible for receptor binding, localization in Escherichia coli, and recognition by neutralizing monoclonal antibodies, oligonucleotide-directed site-specific mutagenesis was used to alter amino acid residues in the B subunits of Shiga toxin and SLT-IIv. Mutagenesis of a well-conserved hydrophilic region near the amino terminus of the Shiga toxin B subunit rendered the molecule nontoxic but did not affect immunoreactivity or holotoxin assembly. In addition, elimination of one cysteine residue, as well as truncation of the B polypeptide by 5 amino acids, caused a total loss of activity. Changing a glutamate to a glutamine at the carboxyl terminus of the Shiga toxin B subunit resulted in the loss of receptor binding and immunoreactivity. However, the corresponding mutation in the SLT-IIv B subunit (glutamine to glutamate) did not reduce the levels of cytotoxicity but did affect extracellular localization of the holotoxin in E. coli.


PMID: 2404947

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