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Growth-associated changes in fatty acid compositions of nuclear phospholipids of liver cells

, : Growth-associated changes in fatty acid compositions of nuclear phospholipids of liver cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1084(1): 53-59

To know the possible relationships between nuclear phospholipids and cell proliferation, we have extensively analyzed phospholipids extracted from the nuclei of rat hepatic cells at various growth states. The content of phospholipid in nuclei as well as its composition was similar among liver cells tested, i.e., the regenerating rat livers (28 h, post-hepatectomy), sham-operated or non-treated control livers, and rat ascites hepatoma, AH7974 cells. In contrast, the fatty acid compositions of phospholipids differed from each other among these cells. At the 2-position of phospholipids in the regenerating liver nuclei at 28 h after partial hepatectomy, 18:1 (oleic acid) increased transiently at the expense of 20:4 (arachidonic acid) and 22:6 (docosahexaenoic acid), compared with those in the sham-operated control nuclei. This change in fatty acid composition was commonly observed throughout all phospholipids analyzed, i.e., phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylserine (PS). On the other hand, the change at 1-position was rather limited: in the regenerating liver nuclei (28 h), 18:1 increased only in PC at the expense of 18:0 (stearic acid). The similar and more marked deviation at the 2-position was observed with AH7974 nuclei it contained approximately 2-times more of 18:1 in PC, PE and PI than regenerating liver nuclei (28 h), and the decreased levels of 20:4 and/or 22:6. It should be noted that there were significant differences in the fatty acid compositions of PE and PS between sham-operated and non-treated controls. So, the sham-operated rat is the appropriate control for proliferation.


PMID: 2054377

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