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High-dose cisplatin in disseminated melanoma: a comparison of two schedules


, : High-dose cisplatin in disseminated melanoma: a comparison of two schedules. Cancer ChemoTherapy and Pharmacology 25(5): 373-376

A total of 38 patients with metastatic melanoma received monthly chemotherapy with cisplatin at a dose of 200 mg/m2, per cycle; 14 received 20 mg/m2 cisplatin i.v. on days 1-5 and 24 were given 100 mg/m2 i.v. on days 1 and 8. Objective responses were seen in 2/14 treated on days 1-5 and in 5 of 22 evaluable subjects receiving cisplatin on days 1 and 8, for an overall response rate of 22%. The median survival of all patients was 6 months, with no significant difference observed between the two schedules. Severe neurotoxicity and myelosuppression were more common in patients treated on days 1-5. Two patients treated in this manner were bedridden due to neurotoxicity and four developed grade 4 leukopenia after the first cycle of chemotherapy. Only one patient treated with the divided-dose schedule became leukopenic during the first cycle, and none of the patients were debilitated by neurotoxicity. Thrombocytopenia was statistically more severe. Nausea and vomiting, fatigue, ototoxicity, and paresthesia were seen with equal frequency. Very high doses of cisplatin can be delivered with acceptable toxicity using a divided-dose schedule. As the response rate on this schedule appeared to be comparable with that achieved on the more toxic consecutive 5-day schedule, the former deserves to be tested in diseases known to show a dose response to cisplatin. However, in melanoma, administration of 200 mg/m2 per course did not appear to be associated with a markedly improved response rate, compared with cisplatin alone at "standard" doses.

US$29.90

PMID: 2306798


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