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Morphology of the atrioventricular node, bundle and proximal bundle branches: a study employing computerized reconstruction

, : Morphology of the atrioventricular node, bundle and proximal bundle branches: a study employing computerized reconstruction. Anatomical Record 195(4): 699-706

The morphology of the human atrioventricular node, atrioventricular bundle and bundle branches is described. A block of tissue bounded by the ostium of the coronary sinus, the pars membranacea, the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve and the atrial and ventricular septa is removed. The block is then sectioned serially from the right endocardial surface in the frontal plane of the heart. Sectioning in this way produces fewer sections than from techniques previously described. Outlines of the atrioventricular node, atrioventricular bundle and proximal bundle branches are digitally registered and stored in a computer. Three dimensional reconstructions of the structures are then generated by computer and displayed on an oscilloscope so that the entire three dimensional image can be rotated in any plane. Stereoscopic image pairs are produced to assist perception of the shape of the atrioventricular node, bundle and branching patterns of the bundles. This technique is unique in that it describes a method from which a relatively small number of histologic sections are generated permitting not only a complete histologic examination, but also a study of the morphology of the area.


PMID: 393134

DOI: 10.1002/ar.1091950409

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