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Myocardial ischemia during daily activities and stress

, : Myocardial ischemia during daily activities and stress. American Journal of Cardiology 58(4): 47b-50b

Twenty-four-hour, 2-channel Holter monitoring during daily activities was performed in 210 patients; during the same day a Bruce protocol treadmill test was also performed and the electrocardiogram was recorded using the same Holter system. Significant ST-segment depression was observed during daily activities in 97 patients, while similar changes were recorded during the treadmill test in 122 patients. Thus, 77% of patients with ST depression during the provocation of the treadmill test had ischemic episodes during their everyday life. On the other hand, 3 patients with proven significant coronary artery disease had spontaneous ischemic episodes during daily activities, but had a negative stress test. The ischemic changes during daily activity developed at a lower heart rate than during stress testing (94 beats/min vs 109 beats/min, respectively, p less than 0.05). A total of 351 ischemic episodes were recorded during daily activities, 241 (69%) of these were asymptomatic. In 46 patients all episodes were asymptomatic, in 15 all were symptomatic, while in 36 both symptomatic and silent episodes were detected. The mean duration of the symptomatic episodes was 13.7 minutes and that of the asymptomatic ones was 14.9 minutes (difference not significant). The degree of ST depression in these 2 groups was also similar. Because of more advanced symptomatology in 143 patients, coronary arteriography was performed; 43 had normal and 100 had pathologic coronary arteries. In this selected group, the sensitivity of Holter monitoring during daily activity was 87% and during stress 97%; the specificity during daily activity was 95% and during stress 88%.


PMID: 3751903

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