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Naloxone effects on plasma vasopressin and oxytocin concentrations elevated by histamine, nicotine, isoproterenol and an acute increase in [NaCl] in cerebrospinal fluid


, : Naloxone effects on plasma vasopressin and oxytocin concentrations elevated by histamine, nicotine, isoproterenol and an acute increase in [NaCl] in cerebrospinal fluid. Neuroendocrinology 44(2): 157-162

Endogenous opioid peptides inhibit secretion of oxytocin during dehydration, hemorrhage and parturition and attenuate release of vasopressin by tail electroshock. Diverse agents were used to stimulate the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system to investigate the hypothesis that if oxytocin (or vasopressin) release were inhibited by opioid peptides regardless of the stimulus, the site of opiate action may be in the final common pathway (i.e. the magnocellular neuron) or on pituicytes in the neural lobe. Using male Sprague-Dawley rats, we therefore investigated the effect of an opiate receptor antagonist, naloxone (5 mg/kg s.c.), on the plasma concentrations of oxytocin and vasopressin elevated by various pharmacologic stimuli, including histamine (10 mg/kg i.p.), nicotine (0.15 or 1.5 mg/kg i.p.), isoproterenol (30 or 120 micrograms/kg i.m.) and increased [NaCl] in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF; 10 microliter artificial CSF containing 1 M NaCl i.v.t.). Control animals received saline (0.85%) or artificial CSF (containing 0.16 M NaCl). Animals were decapitated 60 s (increases[NaCl] in CSF) or 10 min after the stimulus or vehicle. Vasopressin and oxytocin were extracted from plasma and quantified by RIA. The concentrations of oxytocin and vasopressin in plasma were elevated (p less than 0.05) by histamine, isoproterenol (30 and 120 micrograms/kg), increases[NaCl] in CSF, and nicotine at the higher (1.5 mg/kg) but not lower (0.15 mg/kg) dose. Naloxone increased further (p less than 0.05) the concentration of oxytocin in plasma after histamine, nicotine (0.15 and 1.5 mg/kg), isoproterenol (30 and 120 micrograms/kg) and increases[NaCl] in CSF. Naloxone also increased (p less than 0.05) oxytocin concentration in controls receiving CSF or saline.

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PMID: 3796791


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