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Normal suppressive T cell function of Epstein-Barr virus induced B cell activation in type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus

, : Normal suppressive T cell function of Epstein-Barr virus induced B cell activation in type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus. Autoimmunity 5(4): 257-264

Several studies have demonstrated abnormalities of T cell regulation of Epstein-Barr virus-induced B cell activation in systemic autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematous, and systemic sclerosis. However, a normal suppressive peripheral T cell function was observed in Graves' disease. To investigate whether this abnormality is a common feature to other autoimmune diseases, we studied T cell regulation of Epstein-Barr virus induced B cell activation in 15 newly diagnosed type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus patients and 10 normal control subjects. Peripheral B lymphocytes infected with Epstein-Barr virus were cultured for 20 days in the presence or absence of autologous T cells at different ratios (1:1 and 1:4). IgM and IgG secretions into the supernatants were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The extent of suppression when T cells were added, as measured by a suppression ratio, was not significantly different in type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus patients and normal subjects. We conclude that in type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus, the autoimmune reactivity is not dependent upon a generalized suppression defect. It can be hypothesized, therefore, that in type 1 diabetes mellitus as well as in Graves' disease, a local or organ specific suppressor deficit may induce the autoimmune phenomena.


PMID: 1966582

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