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Pacing-induced angina pectoris and induction of ventricular arrhythmias in coronary artery disease

, : Pacing-induced angina pectoris and induction of ventricular arrhythmias in coronary artery disease. American Journal of Cardiology 58(1): 90-93

Ischemia caused by rapid pacing during electrophysiologic study could facilitate induction of ventricular arrhythmias. The results of extrastimulation were retrospectively analyzed in 32 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) without a history of symptomatic arrhythmia. These patients were studied at cardiac catheterization for angina pectoris refractory to medical therapy. Eleven patients (group I) had typical angina during trains of rapid right ventricular pacing (repeated trains of 8 stimuli [mean cycle length (CL) 473 +/- 47 ms]) but were asymptomatic during slower trains (CL 800 +/- 100 ms). Twenty-one patients (group II) had no symptoms with either rapid (CL 448 +/- 51 ms) or slow (CL 688 +/- 105 ms) trains, despite comparable left ventricular function, CAD severity and medication. Effective refractory periods (S1S2) after rapid drive were shorter in group I than in group II patients (225 +/- 9 vs 240 +/- 14 ms, p less than 0.002), but refractory periods during slow pacing were similar (251 +/- 12 vs 253 +/- 17 ms, difference not significant). No patient in either group had sustained arrhythmia (more than 15 beats) induced by single and double ventricular extrastimuli, decrementally applied at the right ventricular apex. The number of extra beats provoked in group I when rapid trains caused angina (4.3 +/- 3.6) was similar to that induced by extra-stimulation after slower pacing without angina (4.4 +/- 3.5) and to that obtained with rapid or slow pacing in group II (3.1 +/- 3.3 and 2.8 +/- 2.2).


PMID: 3728338

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