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Primary structure and cellular distribution of two fatty acid-binding proteins in adult rat kidneys

, : Primary structure and cellular distribution of two fatty acid-binding proteins in adult rat kidneys. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(9): 5963-5972

Fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) were purified from the kidneys of female and male rats and characterized by primary structure and histological distribution in the kidney. Two FABPs (14 and 15.5 kDa) were found in male rat kidney cytosol whereas only 14-kDa FABP could be recognized in female rat kidneys throughout the purification steps. The amino acid sequence of the 14-kDa FABP was identical to that of rat heart FABP deduced from the cDNA sequence (Heuckeroth, R. O., Birkenmeier, E. H., Levin, M. S., and Gordon, J. I. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 9709-9717). Structural analysis of the male-specific 15.5-kDa FABP identified this second FABP as a proteolytically modified form of alpha 2u-globulin, an 18.7-kDa major urinary protein of adult male rats (Unterman, R. D., Lynch, K. R., Nakhasi, H. L., dolan, K. P., Hamilton, J. W., Cohn, D. V., and Feigelson, P. (1981) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 78, 3478-3482) which shares a common ancestry with a number of hydrophobic ligand-binding proteins such as serum retinol-binding proteins. Immunohistochemical investigation disclosed that heart-type FABP (14-kDa FABP) is localized in the cytoplasm of the epithelia of the distal tubules in both male and female rat kidneys whereas 15.5-kDa FABP immunostaining was observed predominantly in the endosomes or lysosomes of proximal tubules in male rat kidneys. These results suggest strongly the functional divergence of two FABPs in the rat kidney.


PMID: 2005132

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