+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Rate of ethanol elimination in alcoholics with special reference to variants of maximal values for legal calculation of blood alcohol concentration

, : Rate of ethanol elimination in alcoholics with special reference to variants of maximal values for legal calculation of blood alcohol concentration. Blutalkohol 28(1): 46-54

The ethanol elimination rate was measured in 15 male alcoholics who had come to the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Tübingen as in-patients. Over the course of several hours between 3 and 5 blood samples were taken in the post-absorption phase. The hourly elimination rate, calculated by lines of regression, gave a mean value of 0.224 g/kg (s = 0.038 g/kg). This was significantly higher than the elimination rate for non-alcoholics calculated from drinking experiments found in the literature (p less than 0.001). In addition 2 blood samples were taken several hours apart from each of 39 alcoholics. Based on the results of the analysis of the second blood sample, the value of the first blood sample was calculated back using the maximum value formula employed in foro. The calculated maximum values were compared to the analysis values. In 8 cases the analysis value was higher than the calculated maximum value, exceeding it by as much as 0.74 g/kg. It should be considered whether the formula currently employed to calculate the maximum BAC is sufficiently accurate in alcoholic to exclude possible false detrimental values.


PMID: 2025418

Other references

Sanchez Perez, A.; Gallego Matilla, M.J.; Hernandez Mendez, J., 1993: A sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of vitamin D3 using the charge-transfer spectra of vitamin D3-iodine complex. Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) and iodine react in different solvents to form a molecular complex which shows characteristic charge-transfer bands. The spectral behaviour and analytical properties of this complex are described, the effects of the so...

Chamot, D.; Colvin, K.R.; Kujat-Choy, S.L.; Owttrim, G.W., 2004: RNA structural rearrangement via unwinding and annealing by the cyanobacterial RNA helicase, CrhR. Rearrangement of RNA secondary structure is crucial for numerous biological processes. RNA helicases participate in these rearrangements through the unwinding of duplex RNA. We report here that the redox-regulated cyanobacterial RNA helicase, CrhR...

Rosan, D.L.Nghi, N.Talí Spinardi, M.Rlis, T.Liss, N.Shimura, M.Rci, Y.Kar, M.Yabe, L.N.C.Sal, A.Agon, A.Egro, M.Rcel, D.R.Zend, C.Sta, E.S.H.Len, W.Lte, D.S.Nta, A., 2012: A survey of the physicochemical and microbiological quality of ultra-heat-treated whole milk in Brazil during their shelf life. The objective was to evaluate the quality of important brands of ultra-heat-treated (UHT) milk marketed in the northern of Parana State, Brazil, during the shelf life of the product. Five brands were analysed at 3, 6, 9 and 12 days after UHT milk...

Tangsrud, S.; Petersen, I.L.; Lødrup Carlsen, K.C.; Carlsen, K.H., 2001: Lung function in children with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD), characterized by gradually developing muscular weakness, leads to respiratory symptoms and reduced lung function. We aimed to assess lung function in 25 patients with DMD in relationship to age and muscula...

Martin, V.T., 2011: The diagnostic evaluation of secondary headache disorders. Headache 51(2): 346-352

Hansen P.R.; Svendsen J.H.; Host N.B.; Grande P.; Bjerrum P.; Haunso S.; Hansen S.H., 1990: Myocardial reperfusion injury can be attenuated by 5 aminosalicylic acid. Circulation 82(4 SUPPL 3): III42

Campbell S.; Putkey J.A., 1988: Mutation of the trigger calcium binding sites in cardiac troponin c. Journal of Cell Biology 107(6 PART 3): 467A

Leontiev, V.V.; Maury, W.J.; Hadany, L., 2007: Drug induced superinfection in HIV and the evolution of drug resistance. The rapid evolution of HIV drug resistance is a major cause of AIDS treatment failure. Superinfection, the infection of an already infected cell by additional virions, can be a major factor contributing to the evolution of drug resistance. However...

Anonymous, 1936: Service and Regulatory Announcements, January-March 1936. In addition to other announcements relating to plant quarantines in the United States, one relating to Quarantine no.

Rinckel L.A.; Savage D.C., 1991: Analysis of the plasmids of lactobacillus sp strain 100 33. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 91: 181