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Reaction of the cell center to exposure to the calcium ionophore A-23187


, : Reaction of the cell center to exposure to the calcium ionophore A-23187. Tsitologiia 31(3): 259-266

Calcium ionophore A23187, taken at a concentration of 0.1 microgram/ml, quickly uncouples mitochondria in PE culture cells in medium 199. The cell ultrastructure undergoes reversible changes (especially that of mitochondria): maximum changes occur 2 hours after the start of the treatment; in 8 hours they become less pronounced. The adaptation of cells does not involve the ionophore inactivation in the medium. 10 micrograms/ml of A23187 induces gradual but irreversible alterations. Microtubules in PE cells are not destroyed when incubated in medium 199 containing 10 micrograms/ml of A23187 and 11 mM Ca2+. The addition of 10 micrograms/ml ionophore to the normal 199 medium (1.26 mM Ca2+) results in the formation of electron dense bodies in the cell center 30 minutes after the start of incubation. These bodies disappear in the course of a subsequent incubation. The number of cells with primary cilia decreases. The percentage of centrioles located perpendicularly to the substrate increases 30 minutes following treatment with 0.1 microgram/ml A23187 in medium 199. 2 hours after the start of treatment with 0.1 microgram/ml ionophore no such changes are detected; an electron dense halo appears around the centriolar cylinders. 8 hours after the start of treatment the structure of the cell center does not differ from the normal one.

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PMID: 2473560


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