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Reduced complexity of RFLP for HLA-DR typing by the use of a DR beta 3' cDNA probe

, : Reduced complexity of RFLP for HLA-DR typing by the use of a DR beta 3' cDNA probe. Tissue Antigens 28(3): 129-135

The polymorphism of the HLA system has been defined by alloantisera, monoclonal antibodies, MLC reactivity, protein chemistry and RFLP patterns in DNA analysis. Typing for the alleles of HLA-DR at the DNA level as an additional typing technique is useful since any nucleated cell can be used. Moreover, it is not known whether the additional polymorphism found at the DNA level in an unambiguous serotype is of functional importance and thus needs to be included in HLA-DR typing. A main problem in DNA typing is the interpretation of the complex patterns in Southern blot analysis, especially in heterozygous individuals. Therefore we constructed subprobes from full length DR beta, DQ alpha and DQ beta cDNA to reduce the number of hybridizing fragments while retaining the discriminating capacity. The clearest differences among DR alleles have been found using the restriction enzyme PvuII and the subprobe containing the 3' untranslated region of the DR beta probe. Although further characterization is necessary to be able to type at the DNA level, the simplified patterns facilitate DNA typing in heterozygous individuals for a number of haplotypes. Interestingly, the number of fragments thus obtained corresponds with the number of genes described for DR1 to DRw8 haplotypes. Based upon the finding of common hybridizing patterns in DR3, DR5 and DRw6 it may be concluded that DR3, DR5 and DRw6 have been evolved from a common ancestor. For the same reason DR4, DR7 and DRw9 may have evolved in an identical way.


PMID: 2878512

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