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Restrictions on smoking: changes in knowledge, attitudes and predicted behaviour in metropolitan Toronto from 1983 to 1988

, : Restrictions on smoking: changes in knowledge, attitudes and predicted behaviour in metropolitan Toronto from 1983 to 1988. Canadian Journal of Public Health 83(6): 408-412

To describe recent changes in knowledge, attitudes and behaviour with regard to restrictions on smoking, we compared the findings of population-based surveys conducted in Metropolitan Toronto in 1983 and 1988. In both surveys identical questions and similar data collection procedures were used. There were no changes in knowledge scores regarding the health effects of active smoking or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), nor in smoking behaviour. In contrast, there were marked changes in attitudes. The population favoured more restrictions on smoking, including prohibition in specific locations, and there was greater support for restrictions on sales and advertising, for differential insurance rates favouring nonsmokers, and for higher taxes on cigarettes. Fewer 1988 respondents reported smoking among their associates and more reported being bothered by others' smoking. The implications for public health education and policy development are discussed.


PMID: 1286439

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