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Studies on human serum high density lipoproteins. Self-association of apolipoprotein A-I in aqueous solutions


, : Studies on human serum high density lipoproteins. Self-association of apolipoprotein A-I in aqueous solutions. Journal of Biological Chemistry 251(4): 1131-1136

Human serum apolipoprotein A-I (apo-A-I), the major protein component of the human serum high density lipoproteins, was studied in aqueous solutions of differing ionic strength and pH by the techniques of sedimentation equilibrium ultracentrifugation and frontal analysis gel chromatography. The ultracentrifugal studies indicate the apo-A-I is a self-associating system that is dependent upon protein concentration, but relatively independent of the nature of the medium. The apparent weight average molecular weights obtained from solutions of initial apo-A-I concentration between 0.2 and 0.9 mg/ml were in the range of 3.0 to 16.7 x 10(4) (monomer molecular weight = 28,014). Of the several models of self-associated examined, that which gave the best theoretical fit was for the monomer-dimertetramer-octamer model. The self-association of apo-A-I in aqueous solutions was further documented by frontal analysis gel chromatography, which not only corroborated the ultracentrifugal results, but also indicated that the multiple species of apo-A-I in solution attain equilibrium rather rapidly. Besides having intrinsic importance, these results indicate that the solution properties of apo-A-I must be established before ligand binding studies are conducted and interpreted.

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PMID: 175065


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