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Syntheses and beta-adrenergic agonist and antiaggregatory properties of N-substituted trimetoquinol analogues


, : Syntheses and beta-adrenergic agonist and antiaggregatory properties of N-substituted trimetoquinol analogues. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 29(9): 1603-1609

Trimetoquinol [1-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)-6,7- dihydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline, TMQ] is a potent beta-adrenergic receptor agonist and inhibitor of human platelet aggregation. Selective cleavage of O-benzyl groups in the presence of an N-benzyl group using HCl and formation of a cyclic sulfite ester from the reaction of a catechol with thionyl chloride were achieved. The N-substituents included methyl, benzyl, and beta-hydroxy- and beta-chloroethyl groups. Each N-substituted TMQ caused a concentration-dependent stimulation of beta 2 (trachea) and beta 1 (atria) adrenoceptor tissues and inhibition of 15(S)-hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13(E)-dienoic acid (U46619, a thromboxane A2 mimetic) mediated human platelet activation. TMQ remained the most potent in the series. Structure-activity results indicated that the larger the N-substituent, the lower the beta-adrenergic activity but the higher the inhibition of platelet aggregatory activity. Thus, the structural requirements of these TMQ analogues for the two types of biological activity are different.

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PMID: 2875182


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