geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

T1 and T2 relaxation time estimates and brain measures during withdrawal in alcoholic men


, : T1 and T2 relaxation time estimates and brain measures during withdrawal in alcoholic men. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 29(2): 157-169

Twenty-four chronic alcoholic men were investigated with 0.02 Tesla/0.8 MHz magnetic resonance imaging on days 7-9 of acute alcohol withdrawal state. Estimates of T1 and T2 relaxation times were obtained from the white matter and basal ganglia nuclei in an axial section. This section was also used for area measurements of intracranial structures using computer-assisted tissue classification. The relation between T1 and age was more marked in the alcoholic patients than in the control group. Mean values of T1 and T2 did not differ between the two groups, but differences in the age dependence of T1 were highly significant for all regions. The number of years of drinking was influential to T1, but to a lesser extent than age. Lateral ventricular area correlated significantly with T1 of the white matter in the alcoholic patients. Using visual ratings of the entire intracranial volume the alcoholic patients demonstrated wider lateral ventricles and cortical sulci, but there was no increased frequency of white matter lesions.

US$29.90

PMID: 1797526


Other references

Vanagt, W.Y.; Famaey, N.; Rega, F.; Gewillig, M., 2012: Extreme windkessel effect can cause right heart failure early after truncus repair. An infant developed severe right heart failure early after truncal repair with a pulmonary homograft. A mechanical obstruction by narrowing could not be identified at the homograft or pulmonary arteries. However, functional obstruction was caused...

Morel, M.C.; Favier, R.; Champeix, P.; Lecompte, T.; Potevin, F.; Samama, M.; Kaplan, C., 1988: Characterization of an anti-IIb/IIIa monoclonal antibody which is a platelet activator. Current Studies in Hematology and Blood Transfusion: 53-63

Wang, Z.; Xu, J-He.; Zhang, W.; Zhuang, B.; Qi, H., 2009: In situ extraction of polar product of whole cell microbial transformation with polyethylene glycol-induced cloud point system. A novel polyethylene glycol-induced cloud point system (PEG-CPS) was developed for in situ extraction of moderate polar product by setting a microbial transformation of benzaldehyde into L-phenylacetylcarbinol (L-PAC) with Saccharomyces cerevisiae...

Pulverer, G.; Sorgo, W.; Ko, H.L., 1973: Bacteriophages of Propionibacterium acnes. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Erste Abteilung Originale. Reihe A: Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Parasitologie 225(2): 353-363

Anonymous, 1934: Entomological Investigations. According to E. R. Speyer (pp. 69-75), sprays containing rotenone sometimes killed the eggs and resting stages of Tetranychus telarius, L., on arum and tomato in experiments carried out in greenhouses in England during 1933, but their action was t...

Saad, W.E.A.; Kitanosono, T.; Koizumi, J.; Hirota, S., 2014: The conventional balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration procedure: indications, contraindications, and technical applications. Transvenous obliteration of gastric varices can be performed from the systemic venous side (draining veins or shunts) or from the portal venous side (portal afferent feeders). Balloon-occluded transvenous obliteration from the systemic veins is re...

Wick C.; Altemeyer K H.; Ahnefeld F.W.; Kilian J., 1987: Comparative humidity measurements in semiclosed and semiopen circle systems with additional use of heat and moisture exchangers. The administration of dry anesthetic gases for ventilation lasting more than 1 h leads to morphological changes of the tracheobronchial epithelium that may cause postoperative pulmonary complications. Therefore, additional humidification is sugges...

Schwarz, J.A.; Kaboth, U.; Reikowski, H.; Jost, H.; Müting, D.; Ortmanns, H., 1975: Monomeric igM in acute and chronic liver diseases. Monomeric IgM could be found rather frequently in acute hepatitis and chronic aggressive hepatitis and occasionally also in chronic persistent hepatitis. Earlier it was reported in lympho-proliferative-, autoimmune diseases, some infectious diseas...

Anderson, R.J.; Humphreys, J., 1990: John Humphreys. Dental Historian 19): 3-8

Givens, D.I.; Everington, J.M.; Adamson, A.H., 1990: The nutritive value of spring grown herbage produced on farms throughout england and wales uk over 4 years ii. the prediction of apparent digestibility in vivo from various laboratory measurements. Relationships between organic-matter (OM) digestibility and digestible organic-matter content of the dry matter (DOMD) in vivo and a range of laboratory measurements have been developed for 173 samples of spring-grown herbage. Laboratory measureme...