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The alpha and beta chains of human platelet glycoprotein Ib are both transmembrane proteins containing a leucine-rich amino acid sequence

, : The alpha and beta chains of human platelet glycoprotein Ib are both transmembrane proteins containing a leucine-rich amino acid sequence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 85(7): 2135-2139

The primary structure of the beta chain of human glycoprotein Ib (GPIb), the platelet receptor for von Willebrand factor, has been established by a combination of cDNA cloning and amino acid sequence analysis. A lambda phage cDNA expression library prepared from human erythroleukemia cells (HEL cells) was screened with a radiolabeled affinity-purified rabbit polyclonal antibody to the beta chain of GPIb. Eighteen positive clones were isolated and plaque-purified and the nucleotide sequences of three were determined. The composite sequence spanned 968 nucleotides and included a 5' untranslated region of 22 nucleotides, an open reading frame of 618 nucleotides encoding a signal peptide of 28 amino acids and a mature protein of 181 amino acids, a stop codon, and a 3' noncoding region of 307 nucleotides. The 3' noncoding sequence also contained a polyadenylylation signal (AATAAA) 14 nucleotides upstream from the poly(A) tail of 18 nucleotides. Edman degradation of the intact beta chain and of peptides produced by chemical cleavage yielded amino acid sequences spanning 76 residues that were identical to those predicted from the cDNA. The amino-terminal region of the beta chain contains a leucine-rich sequence of 24 amino acids that is similar to a sequence that occurs as seven tandem repeats in the alpha chain of GPIb and nine tandem repeats in leucine-rich alpha 2-glycoprotein. The leucine-rich sequence in the beta chain of GPIb is flanked on both sides by amino acid sequences that are similar to those flanking the leucine-rich tandem repeats of the alpha chain of GPIb and leucine-rich alpha 2-glycoprotein. The amino-terminal region of the beta chain of GPIb is followed by a transmembrane segment of 25 amino acids and an intracellular segment of 34 amino acids at the carboxyl terminus of the protein. The intracellular segment contains an unpaired cysteine and two potential sites for phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase.


PMID: 3353370

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