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The controversial 'second-look' laparotomy

, : The controversial 'second-look' laparotomy. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. Supplement 155: 79-83

To determine optimal indications for and clinical assessment of the significance of relaparotomy, the data of 304 women with malignant ovarian tumours (of epithelial origin, predominantly, 72%) who had undergone a 'second-look' operation were analysed. 'Second-look' relaparotomies were performed 10-22 months after the initial operation, on the following clinical indications: 1) clinical remission after initial combined treatment (surgery + chemotherapy) in cases where malignant cells are found at systematically performed cytological examinations of ??? or lavage from peritoneal surfaces of the Douglas cul-de-sac plus high levels of CA 125 in blood serum (8 patients with stages I and II, FIGO classification); 2) remission after adequate combined treatment and following 6-10 cycles of polychemotherapy, in order to decide whether to abandon or continue with treatment (13 patients with stages III and IV); 3) clinical remission following initial operation which was voluminously non-radical (117 patients); 4) suspicion of tumour recurrence after adequate combined treatment (114 patients); 5) no suspicion of cancer recurrence, though with ventral hernia or other pathology requiring relaparotomy (22 patients). Complications arising at the 'second-look' operation or during the postoperative period were observed in 29 of the 304 patients (9.5%), giving a postoperative mortality of 0.9%. According to experience, the positive significance of 'second-look' operations to optimize treatment of patients with malignant ovarian tumours is obvious.


PMID: 1502895

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